Back to Journals » Advances in Medical Education and Practice » Volume 7

Learning approach among health sciences students in a medical college in Nepal: a cross-sectional study

Authors Shah DK, Yadav RL, Sharma D, Yadav PK, Sapkota NK, Jha RK, Islam MN

Received 20 November 2015

Accepted for publication 2 January 2016

Published 4 March 2016 Volume 2016:7 Pages 137—143

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/AMEP.S100968

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Robert Robinson

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Anwarul Azim Majumder

Video abstract presented by Dev Kumar Shah

Views: 81

Dev Kumar Shah, Ram Lochan Yadav, Deepak Sharma, Prakash Kumar Yadav, Niraj Khatri Sapkota, Rajesh Kumar Jha, Md Nazrul Islam

Department of Physiology, Chitwan Medical College, Bharatpur, Chitwan, Nepal

Background: Many factors shape the quality of learning. The intrinsically motivated students adopt a deep approach to learning, while students who fear failure in assessments adopt a surface approach to learning. In the area of health science education in Nepal, there is still a lack of studies on learning approach that can be used to transform the students to become better learners and improve the effectiveness of teaching. Therefore, we aimed to explore the learning approaches among medical, dental, and nursing students of Chitwan Medical College, Nepal using Biggs’s Revised Two-Factor Study Process Questionnaire (R-SPQ-2F) after testing its reliability.
Methods: R-SPQ-2F containing 20 items represented two main scales of learning approaches, deep and surface, with four subscales: deep motive, deep strategy, surface motive, and surface strategy. Each subscale had five items and each item was rated on a 5-point Likert scale. The data were analyzed using Student’s t-test and analysis of variance. Reliability of the administered questionnaire was checked using Cronbach’s alpha.
Results: The Cronbach’s alpha value (0.6) for 20 items of R-SPQ-2F was found to be acceptable for its use. The participants predominantly had a deep approach to learning regardless of their age and sex (deep: 32.62±6.33 versus surface: 25.14±6.81, P<0.001). The level of deep approach among medical students (33.26±6.40) was significantly higher than among dental (31.71±6.51) and nursing (31.36±4.72) students. In comparison to first-year students, deep approach among second-year medical (34.63±6.51 to 31.73±5.93; P<0.001) and dental (33.47±6.73 to 29.09±5.62; P=0.002) students was found to be significantly decreased. On the other hand, surface approach significantly increased (25.55±8.19 to 29.34±6.25; P=0.023) among second-year dental students compared to first-year dental students.
Conclusion: Medical students were found to adopt a deeper approach to learning than dental and nursing students. However, irrespective of disciplines and personal characteristics of participants, the primarily deep learning approach was found to be shifting progressively toward a surface approach after completion of an academic year, which should be avoided.

Keywords: deep, surface, motive, strategy
A Letter to the Editor has been received and published for this article. 

Creative Commons License This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at https://www.dovepress.com/terms.php and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.

Download Article [PDF]  View Full Text [HTML][Machine readable]

 

Readers of this article also read:

Development and evaluation of a service-learning model for preclinical student education in cardiovascular disease prevention

Shah NS, Rassiwala J, Ducharme-Smith AL, Klein DA, Kim AS, Leung C, Dahdouh R, Havas S

Advances in Medical Education and Practice 2016, 7:153-161

Published Date: 11 March 2016

Targeting melanoma with immunoliposomes coupled to anti-MAGE A1 TCR-like single-chain antibody

Saeed M, van Brakel M, Zalba S, Schooten E, Rens JAP, Koning GA, Debets R, ten Hagen TLM

International Journal of Nanomedicine 2016, 11:955-975

Published Date: 8 March 2016

Perspectives of primary health care physicians on diagnosing and referring patients with apparent osteolytic lesions on plain X-ray films: a cross-sectional study

Alyami A, Alshomrani Y, Suqaty R, Futtiny S, Alnaqib F, Albarakati M, Alhazmi A

Advances in Medical Education and Practice 2016, 7:145-151

Published Date: 7 March 2016

Are self-stigma, quality of life, and clinical data interrelated in schizophrenia spectrum patients? A cross-sectional outpatient study

Holubova M, Prasko J, Latalova K, Ociskova M, Grambal A, Kamaradova D, Vrbova K, Hruby R

Patient Preference and Adherence 2016, 10:265-274

Published Date: 4 March 2016

Increased serum levels of interleukin-10 predict poor prognosis in extranodal natural killer/T-cell lymphoma patients receiving asparaginase-based chemotherapy

Wang H, Wang L, Wuxiao ZJ, Huang HQ, Jiang WQ, Li ZM, Lu Y, Xia ZJ

OncoTargets and Therapy 2015, 8:2589-2599

Published Date: 14 September 2015

Companion diagnostics and molecular imaging-enhanced approaches for oncology clinical trials

Van Heertum RL, Scarimbolo R, Ford R, Berdougo E, O’Neal M

Drug Design, Development and Therapy 2015, 9:5215-5223

Published Date: 11 September 2015

Skull base metastasis from papillary thyroid carcinoma: a report of three cases

Tunio MA, Al Asiri M, Al-Qahtani KH, Aldandan S, Riaz K, Bayoumi Y

International Medical Case Reports Journal 2015, 8:127-131

Published Date: 25 June 2015

Ageism and its clinical impact in oncogeriatry: state of knowledge and therapeutic leads

Schroyen S, Adam S, Jerusalem G, Missotten P

Clinical Interventions in Aging 2015, 10:117-125

Published Date: 31 December 2014

Green synthesis of water-soluble nontoxic polymeric nanocomposites containing silver nanoparticles

Prozorova GF, Pozdnyakov AS, Kuznetsova NP, Korzhova SA, Emel’yanov AI, Ermakova TG, Fadeeva TV, Sosedova LM

International Journal of Nanomedicine 2014, 9:1883-1889

Published Date: 16 April 2014

Pegylated liposomal doxorubicin in the management of ovarian cancer

Gabriella Ferrandina, Giacomo Corrado, Angelo Licameli, et al

Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management 2010, 6:463-483

Published Date: 29 September 2010