Danish Quality Database for Mammography Screening
Authors Mikkelsen EM, Njor SH, Vejborg I
Received 23 December 2015
Accepted for publication 24 March 2016
Published 25 October 2016 Volume 2016:8 Pages 661—666
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewers approved by Dr Colin Mak
Peer reviewer comments 4
Editor who approved publication: Professor Vera Ehrenstein
Ellen M Mikkelsen,1 Sisse H Njor,1 Ilse Vejborg2
1Department of Clinical Epidemiology, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus N, 2Department of Radiology, Diagnostic Imaging Centre, Copenhagen University Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, Denmark
Aim: The Danish Quality Database for Mammography Screening (DKMS) was established in 2007, with the aim to monitor, sustain, and improve the quality of the Danish national breast cancer screening program.
Study population: All Danish women aged 50–69 years who were invited every 2 years for breast cancer screening in the nationwide program since July 10, 2007.
Main variables: The DKMS consists of data retrieved from the five regional invitation systems, the National Pathology Registry, and the National Registry of Patients. The DKMS covers the entire screening process and includes variables required to determine the following eleven indicators: 1) radiation exposure, 2) participation among invited women and participation within the target population, 3) time between screening and result, 4) screening interval, 5) recall for further diagnostics, 6) interval cancers consisting of women diagnosed with breast cancer between screening rounds, 7) invasive breast tumors, 8) node-negative cancers, 9) invasive tumors ≤10 mm, 10) ratio of surgery for benign vs malignant lesions, and 11) breast-conserving therapy.
Descriptive data: As of August 10, 2015, the database included data from 888,151 unique women who have been invited to one or more screenings. In the first three screening rounds, 641,835 (round I), 580,452 (round II), and 641,938 (round III) women were invited, and participation increased from 79% to 84%. In the third round, 79% of the screened women received their result within ten working days, 2.7% of the screened women were recalled for further diagnostics, 82% of the women operated for invasive carcinomas were node negative, and 40% of the women had the tumor size of ≤10 mm.
Conclusion: The DKMS has successfully evaluated the quality of the nationwide Danish breast cancer screening program against international quality standards. The quality of the Danish program complies well with international standards particularly as regards to the clinical aspects.
Keywords: breast cancer, screening, epidemiology
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