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Cervical cancer screening using the Cervista high-risk human papillomavirus test: opportunistic screening of a hospital-based population in Fujian province, China

Authors Ruan GY, Song YY, Dong BH, Mao XD, Lin F, Kang YF, Xu SX, Chen XJ, Wu QB, Sun PM

Received 31 March 2018

Accepted for publication 28 May 2018

Published 4 September 2018 Volume 2018:10 Pages 3227—3235

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/CMAR.S169822

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Amy Norman

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Professor Nakshatri


Guanyu Ruan,1,* Yiyi Song,2,* Binhua Dong,1 Xiaodan Mao,1 Fen Lin,1 Yafang Kang,1 Shuxia Xu,3 Xianjing Chen,2 Qibin Wu,2 Pengming Sun1,2

1Laboratory of Gynecologic Oncology, Fujian Provincial Maternity and Children’s Hospital, Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University, Fuzhou, China; 2Department of Gynecology, Fujian Provincial Maternity and Children’s Hospital, Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University, Fuzhou, China; 3Department of Pathology, Fujian Provincial Maternity and Children’s Hospital, Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University, Fuzhou, China

*These authors have contributed equally to this work

Objectives: The Cervista® high-risk human papillomavirus (HR-HPV) test was evaluated as a primary screening method for cervical cancer in women aged ≥21 years and was compared with different screening and triage combinations.
Materials and methods: A nested case–control study within the Fujian provincial Cervical Lesion Screening Cohorts was used to evaluate the Cervista test as the primary cervical screening method in a hospital-based population. Strategy 1 primarily screened using a cytology screen with HR-HPV testing used for triage. Strategy 2 primarily screened using cytology and HR-HPV co-testing. Strategy 3 primarily screened using HR-HPV testing and triaged HPV-positive women based on cytology. Strategy 4 primarily screened using HR-HPV testing and referred A9 pool HPV-positive women to colposcopy directly, whereas non-A9 HPV-positive women were triaged using cytology.
Results: There were 10,183 women included in this study; 16.49% (1677/10,183) were HR-HPV‑positive, 9.52% had abnormal cytology, and 9907 women were normal during follow-up. A total of 276 women were diagnosed with cervical intraepithelial neoplasia 2 or worse (CIN2+), 197 with CIN3 or worse (CIN3+), and 70 with cervical cancer. Moreover, 10.15% (20/197) women who were CIN3+ were identified as cytology-negative, while 8.63% (17/197) were HR-HPV negative (P>0.05). The cumulative risk rate for HPV–/cytology– was 0.836 (95% CI, 0.424–1.648) in CIN3+ cases. Strategy 4 yielded the highest sensitivity for CIN2+ or CIN3+ and the lowest positive predictive value for CIN2+ or CIN3+ among the four screening strategies.
Conclusion: The Cervista HR-HPV test can provide a reliable and sensitive clinical reference for the cervical cancer primary screen.

Keywords: human papillomavirus, primary screen, A9 pool, liquid-based cytology, histology

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