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Utilizing the principles of Gagne’s nine events of instruction in the teaching of Goldmann Applanation Tonometry

Authors Wong YL

Received 4 July 2017

Accepted for publication 4 December 2017

Published 11 January 2018 Volume 2018:9 Pages 45—51

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/AMEP.S145498

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Md Anwarul Majumder


Yee Ling Wong

Ophthalmology Department, Ninewells Hospital and Medical School, Dundee, UK

Abstract: Intraocular pressure measurement is important to identify people who are at risk of glaucoma. Goldmann Applanation Tonometry is considered the gold standard with regards to evaluating patients with glaucoma, a sight-threatening condition. The professional execution of this evaluation is critical in the reduction of associated complication rates. This article seeks to put forward a structured lesson plan for ophthalmology trainees, specialist nurses, and optometrists, which integrates Gagne’s nine events of instruction to accomplish this objective.

Keywords: IOP, Gagne’s model, lesson plan, Peyton’s steps, glaucoma, ophthalmology teaching

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