Back to Journals » Advances in Medical Education and Practice » Volume 9

Utilizing the principles of Gagne’s nine events of instruction in the teaching of Goldmann Applanation Tonometry

Authors Wong YL

Received 4 July 2017

Accepted for publication 4 December 2017

Published 11 January 2018 Volume 2018:9 Pages 45—51


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Md Anwarul Majumder

Yee Ling Wong

Ophthalmology Department, Ninewells Hospital and Medical School, Dundee, UK

Abstract: Intraocular pressure measurement is important to identify people who are at risk of glaucoma. Goldmann Applanation Tonometry is considered the gold standard with regards to evaluating patients with glaucoma, a sight-threatening condition. The professional execution of this evaluation is critical in the reduction of associated complication rates. This article seeks to put forward a structured lesson plan for ophthalmology trainees, specialist nurses, and optometrists, which integrates Gagne’s nine events of instruction to accomplish this objective.

Keywords: IOP, Gagne’s model, lesson plan, Peyton’s steps, glaucoma, ophthalmology teaching

Creative Commons License This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.

Download Article [PDF]  View Full Text [HTML][Machine readable]