Use of intuition by critical care nurses: a phenomenological study
Received 11 November 2015
Accepted for publication 10 December 2015
Published 10 February 2016 Volume 2016:7 Pages 65—71
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Dr Anwarul Azim Majumder
Parkhide Hassani,1 Alireza Abdi,1 Rostam Jalali,2 Nader Salari3
1Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, 2Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, 3Department of Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran
Background: Intuition is defined as an irrational unconscious type of knowing. This concept was incorporated into nursing discipline for 3 decades, but nowadays its application is uncertain and ignored by educational institutions. Therefore, this study aimed to explore critical care nurses' understanding of the use of intuition in clinical practice.
Materials and methods: In a descriptive phenomenological study, 12 nurses employed in critical care units of the hospitals affiliated with Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, were recruited to a study using purposive, semistructured interviews, which were then written down verbatim. The data were managed by MaxQDA 10 software and analyzed as qualitative, with Colaizzi's seven-stage approach.
Results: Of the 12 nurses who participated in the study, seven (58.3%) were female and married, 88.3% (ten) had a Bachelor of Nursing (BSc) degree, and the means ± SD of age, job experience, and critical care experience were 36.66±7.01, 13.75±6.82, and 7.66±3.36 years, respectively. We extracted three main themes, namely “patient conditions”, “nurse readiness”, and “outcome”, and seven subthemes – including “clinical signs”, “patient behaviors”, “prognosis”, “being sensitive”, “desire to act”, “prediction”, and “satisfaction” – integral to understanding the use of intuition in clinical practice by critical care nurses.
Conclusion: The findings showed that some nurses were attracted by the patients’ conditions and were more intuitive about them, and following their intuition prepared the nurses to undertake more appropriate measures. The positive results that the majority of the nurses experienced convinced them to follow their intuitions more often.
Keywords: intuition, critical care nursing, qualitative research
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