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Time To Response In Patients With Advanced Anaplastic Lymphoma Kinase (ALK)-Positive Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) Receiving Alectinib In The Phase II NP28673 And NP28761 Studies

Authors Gadgeel S, Shaw AT, Barlesi F, Crino L, Yang JCH, Dingemans AM, Kim DW, de Marinis F, Schulz M, Liu S, Gupta R, Smoljanovic V, Ou SHI

Received 19 March 2019

Accepted for publication 29 October 2019

Published 13 November 2019 Volume 2019:10 Pages 125—130

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/LCTT.S209231

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Amy Norman

Peer reviewer comments 4

Editor who approved publication: Professor Antonio Araujo


Shirish Gadgeel,1 Alice T Shaw,2 Fabrice Barlesi,3 Lucio Crino,4 James CH Yang,5 Anne-Marie Dingemans,6 Dong-Wan Kim,7 Filippo de Marinis,8 Mathias Schulz,8 Shiyao Liu,9 Ravindra Gupta,9 Vlatka Smoljanovic,10 Sai-Hong Ignatius Ou11

1Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Hematology and Oncology, The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA; 2Center for Thoracic Cancers, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, USA; 3Multidisciplinary Oncology and Therapeutic Innovations Department, Aix-Marseille University, Assistance Publique Hôpitaux de Marseille, Marseille 13005, France; 4Department of Medical Oncology, Istituto Scientifico Romagnolo per lo Studio e la Cura dei Tumori (IRST) Srl I.R.C.C.S., Meldola, FC 47014, Italy; 5National Taiwan University Hospital and National Taiwan University Cancer Centre, Taipei City, Taiwan; 6Department of Pulmonology, Maastricht University Medical Centre, Maastricht 6229 HX, The Netherlands; 7Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University Hospital, Jongno-Gu, Seoul 03080, South Korea; 8Division of Thoracic Oncology, European Institute of Oncology IRCCS, Milan 20146, Italy; 9Genentech Inc., South San Francisco, CA, USA; 10F. Hoffmann-La Roche Ltd., Basel CH-4070, Switzerland; 11Division of Hematology-Medical Oncology, Department of Internal Medicine, University of California, Irvine School of Medicine, Orange, CA 92617, USA

Correspondence: Sai-Hong Ignatius Ou
University of California, Irvine School of Medicine, 1001 Health Sciences Road, Irvine, Orange, CA 92617, USA
Tel +1 714 456 8104
Email siou@uci.edu

Introduction: Alectinib is a highly selective and potent ALK inhibitor, approved for the treatment of patients with metastatic ALK+ NSCLC based on results from the Phase II global NP28673 (NCT01801111) and North American NP28761 (NCT01871805) studies.
Methods: This exploratory analysis of two Phase II studies of alectinib (NP28673/NP28761) investigated time to systemic response (TTR) and time to central nervous system (CNS) response (TTCR) in patients with previously treated advanced anaplastic lymphoma kinase fusion gene-positive (ALK+) non-small-cell lung cancer. Patients (n=225) received 600 mg oral alectinib twice daily and had scans every 6/8 weeks (NP28673/NP28761).
Results: For NP28673 and NP28761, respectively: median follow-up was 21.3 months/17.0 months; most responders (72.6%/82.9%) responded by the first disease assessment; median TTR was 8 weeks (95% confidence interval [CI]: 8.00–8.14)/6 weeks (95% CI: 5.86–6.14); median TTCR in responders with measurable baseline CNS disease was 8 weeks (95% CI: 7.86–10.29)/6 weeks (95% CI: 5.71–not evaluable). Similar results were observed regardless of measurable/non-measurable disease.
Discussion: These data suggest that alectinib achieves a rapid response in patients, both systemically and in the CNS.

Keywords: alectinib, non-small-cell lung cancer, NP28673, NP28761, time to response

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