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The Trend of Labor Analgesia in the World and China: A Bibliometric Analysis of Publications in Recent 30 Years

Authors Zheng H, Zheng BX, Lin XM

Received 23 September 2019

Accepted for publication 19 February 2020

Published 10 March 2020 Volume 2020:13 Pages 517—526

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/JPR.S232132

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Dr Michael A Überall


Huan Zheng, 1–3,* Bi-Xin Zheng, 1, 2, 4,* Xue-Mei Lin 1, 2

1Key Laboratory of Birth Defects and Related Diseases of Women and Children (Sichuan University), Ministry of Education, Chengdu 610041, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Anesthesiology, West China Second University Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041, People’s Republic of China; 3Department of Anesthesiology, Sichuan Academy of Medical Sciences & Sichuan Provincial People’s Hospital, Chengdu 610072, People’s Republic of China; 4Department of Pain Management, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041, People’s Republic of China

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Correspondence: Xue-Mei Lin Email xuemeilin__scu@163.com

Purpose: Labor analgesia is part of the most important tasks an anesthesiologist needs to deal with. With the “two-child policy” in China, the number of parturients has increased significantly, labor analgesia more should be valued. There has been a tremendous change on labor analgesia research in China and around the world; however, broader trends in the prevalence and scope of labor analgesia research remain underexplored. The current study quantitatively analyzes trends in labor analgesia research publications in the past 30 years.
Methods: A bibliometric approach was used to search Scopus, PubMed, Web of Science and the China National Knowledge Infrastructure for all labor analgesia-related research articles. The research progress and growing trend were quantitatively analyzed by total publications, research types, research institutions, journal impact factors, and author’s contribution. Total citations frequency, average citations per item and h-index were used for evaluating literature quantity.
Results: From 1988 to 2018, over 8000 documents in labor analgesia research field were published worldwide. According to Scopus, 68.2% papers of all documents were articles. The USA published the largest number of articles (2204, 27.45%). China had published 175 articles (2.18%), ranking the 11th. According to WOS, there were  221 research categories for labor analgesia articles all over the world. The total citations were 76,207, average 9.086 citations per item, and the h-index was 114, average 14 citations per item worldwide. The total citations and h-index of papers published in China were as follows:  353 total citations, 7.06 citations per item, and 10 h-index. High contribution journals, authors, institutions and the top 10 most cited articles on labor analgesia in the world and China were also listed.
Conclusion: Labor analgesia research has grown markedly during the 1988– 2018 period. Although China had made remarkable achievements, there was a gap in the high-quality studies between China and other leading countries.

Keywords: labor analgesia, bibliometric analysis, trend analysis, China

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