Back to Journals » Nature and Science of Sleep » Volume 8

Sleep, eating disorder symptoms, and daytime functioning

Authors Tromp MD, Donners AA, Garssen J, Verster JC

Received 3 October 2015

Accepted for publication 8 December 2015

Published 18 January 2016 Volume 2016:8 Pages 35—40

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/NSS.S97574

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Prof. Dr. Roumen Kirov

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Professor Steven Shea

Marilou DP Tromp,1 Anouk AMT Donners,1 Johan Garssen,1,2 Joris C Verster1,3

1Division of Pharmacology, Utrecht Institute for Pharmaceutical Sciences, Utrecht University, Utrecht, the Netherlands; 2Nutricia Research, Utrecht, the Netherlands; 3Center for Human Psychopharmacology, Swinburne University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia

Objective: To investigate the relationship between eating disorders, body mass index (BMI), sleep disorders, and daytime functioning.
Design: Survey.
Setting: The Netherlands.
Participants: N=574 Dutch young adults (18–35 years old).
Measurements: Participants completed a survey on eating and sleep habits including the Eating Disorder Screen for Primary care (ESP) and SLEEP-50 questionnaire subscales for sleep apnea, insomnia, circadian rhythm disorder (CRD), and daytime functioning. SLEEP-50 outcomes of participants who screened negative (≤2) and positive (>2) on the ESP were compared. In addition, SLEEP-50 scores of groups of participants with different ESP scores (0–4) and different BMI groups (ie, underweight, healthy weight, overweight, and obese) were compared using nonparametric statistics.
Results: Almost 12% (n=67) of participants screened positive for having an eating disorder. Relative to participants without eating disorders, participants who screened positive for eating disorders reported significantly higher scores on sleep apnea (3.7 versus 2.9, P=0.012), insomnia (7.7 versus 5.5, P<0.0001), CRD (2.9 versus 2.3, P=0.011), and impairment of daytime functioning (8.8 versus 5.8, P=0.0001). ESP scores were associated with insomnia (r=0.117, P=0.005), sleep apnea (r=0.118, P=0.004), sleep quality (r=−0.104, P=0.012), and daytime functioning (r=0.225, P<0.0001), but not with CRD (r=0.066, P=0.112). BMI correlated significantly with ESP scores (r=0.172, P<0.0001) and scores on sleep apnea (r=0.171, P<0.0001). When controlling for BMI, the partial correlation between ESP and sleep apnea remained significant (r=0.10, P=0.015).
Conclusion: Participants who score positive for eating disorders scored significantly higher on sleep disorder scales, and reported significantly more impairment of daytime functioning.

Keywords: eating disorders, sleep disorders, insomnia, apnea, circadian rhythm disorder, daytime functioning

Creative Commons License This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at https://www.dovepress.com/terms.php and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.

Download Article [PDF]  View Full Text [HTML][Machine readable]

 

Other articles by this author:

Total sleep time, alcohol consumption, and the duration and severity of alcohol hangover

van Schrojenstein Lantman M, Mackus M, Roth T, Verster JC

Nature and Science of Sleep 2017, 9:181-186

Published Date: 29 June 2017

Mental resilience, perceived immune functioning, and health

Van Schrojenstein Lantman M, Mackus M, Otten LS, de Kruijff D, van de Loo AJAE, Kraneveld AD, Garssen J, Verster JC

Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare 2017, 10:107-112

Published Date: 21 March 2017

Characteristics of social drinkers with and without a hangover after heavy alcohol consumption

Hogewoning A, Van de Loo AJAE, Mackus M, Raasveld SJ, De Zeeuw R, Bosma ER, Bouwmeester NH, Brookhuis KA, Garssen J, Verster JC

Substance Abuse and Rehabilitation 2016, 7:161-167

Published Date: 17 November 2016

Alcohol mixed with energy drinks: methodology and design of the Utrecht Student Survey

de Haan L, de Haan HA, Olivier B, Verster JC

International Journal of General Medicine 2012, 5:889-898

Published Date: 19 October 2012

Energy drinks mixed with alcohol: misconceptions, myths, and facts

Verster JC, Aufricht C, Alford C

International Journal of General Medicine 2012, 5:187-198

Published Date: 2 March 2012

The RT-18: a new screening tool to assess young adult risk-taking behavior

de Haan L, Kuipers E, Kuerten Y, van Laar M, Olivier B, Verster JC

International Journal of General Medicine 2011, 4:575-584

Published Date: 12 August 2011

Clinical evaluation of zaleplon in the treatment of insomnia

Marieke M Ebbens, Joris C Verster

Nature and Science of Sleep 2010, 2:115-126

Published Date: 20 July 2010

Readers of this article also read:

Emerging and future therapies for hemophilia

Carr ME, Tortella BJ

Journal of Blood Medicine 2015, 6:245-255

Published Date: 3 September 2015

Acquired hemophilia A: emerging treatment options

Janbain M, Leissinger CA, Kruse-Jarres R

Journal of Blood Medicine 2015, 6:143-150

Published Date: 8 May 2015

A new recombinant factor VIII: from genetics to clinical use

Santagostino E

Drug Design, Development and Therapy 2014, 8:2507-2515

Published Date: 12 December 2014

Second case report of successful electroconvulsive therapy for a patient with schizophrenia and severe hemophilia A

Saito N, Shioda K, Nisijima K, Kobayashi T, Kato S

Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment 2014, 10:865-867

Published Date: 16 May 2014