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Shear bond strength of a bracket-bonding system cured with a light-emitting diode or halogen-based light-curing unit at various polymerization times

Authors Gupta SP, Shrestha BK

Received 1 November 2017

Accepted for publication 23 February 2018

Published 10 April 2018 Volume 2018:10 Pages 61—67

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/CCIDE.S155829

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Amy Norman

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Christopher Okunseri

Sanjay Prasad Gupta, Basanta Kumar Shrestha

Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics Unit, Department of Dentistry, Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital, Institute of Medicine, Kathmandu, Nepal


Purpose: To determine and compare the shear bond strength (SBS) of bracket-bonding system cured with light-emitting diode (LED) and halogen-based light-curing unit at various polymerization times.
Materials and methods: Ninety six human maxillary premolar teeth extracted for orthodontic purpose were divided into four groups, according to the light-curing unit and exposure times used. In the halogen group, the specimens were light cured for 20 and 40 seconds. In the LED group, the specimens were light cured for 5 and 10 seconds. Stainless steel brackets were bonded with Enlight bonding system, stored in distilled water at 37°C for 24 hours and then submitted to SBS testing in a universal testing machine at a crosshead speed of 0.5 mm/minute. Adhesive remnant index (ARI) was used to evaluate the amount of adhesive remaining on the teeth determined by stereomicroscope at 10× magnification.
Results: The highest mean SBS was obtained with the halogen 40 seconds (18.27 MPa) followed by halogen 20 seconds (15.36 MPa), LED 10 seconds (14.60 MPa) and least with LED 5 seconds (12.49 MPa) group. According to analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Tukey’s multiple-comparison test, SBS of halogen 20 seconds group was not significantly different from halogen 40 seconds group, LED 5 seconds group and LED 10 seconds group, whereas halogen 40 seconds group was significantly different from LED 5 seconds and LED 10 seconds group. The method of light curing did not influence the ARI, with score 2 being predominant.
Conclusion: Polymerization with both halogen and LED resulted in SBS values that were clinically acceptable for orthodontic treatment in all groups. Hence, for bonding orthodontic brackets, photoactivation with halogen for 20 seconds and LED for 5 seconds is suggested.

Keywords: shear bond strength, halogen-curing light, LED-curing light, polymerization time

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