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Salmonella Mesenteric Lymphadenitis Causing Septic Peritonitis in Two Dogs

Authors Binagia EM, Levy NA

Received 13 November 2019

Accepted for publication 12 February 2020

Published 27 February 2020 Volume 2020:11 Pages 25—30

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/VMRR.S238305

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Professor Young Lyoo


Erin M Binagia, Nyssa A Levy

Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, USA

Correspondence: Nyssa A Levy
Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Michigan State University, 736 Wilson Road, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
Tel +1 517-355-6571
Fax +1 517-432-4091
Email nlevy@msu.edu

Abstract: This report describes two cases of Salmonella mesenteric lymphadenitis leading to septic peritonitis in two young dogs. The cases were similar in presentation, diagnosis, treatment, and length of hospitalization. Both cases presented with clinical signs of vomiting, abdominal pain, and fever and were treated successfully via surgical debridement, omentalization, and antibiotic therapy. Both cases grew multi-drug resistant Salmonella spp. with resistance to ampicillin sulbactam, which is a common empiric antibiotic choice for cases of canine septic peritonitis. In both cases, the source of Salmonella is proposed to be the raw diet that preceded the septic peritonitis diagnosis. While Salmonella mesenteric lymphadenitis has been reported in humans and pigs, to the authors’ knowledge, this is the first report of Salmonella mesenteric lymphadenitis in dogs.

Keywords: sepsis, abscess, raw, diet

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