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Rasch analysis of the Western Ontario Osteoarthritis of the Shoulder index – the Danish version

Authors Moeini S, Rasmussen JV, Klausen TW, Brorson S

Received 21 April 2015

Accepted for publication 20 January 2016

Published 14 November 2016 Volume 2016:7 Pages 173—181


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Dr Robert Howland

Sahar Moeini,1 Jeppe V Rasmussen,1 Tobias W Klausen,2 Stig Brorson1

1Department of Orthopedic Surgery, 2Department of Hematology, Herlev Hospital, Herlev, Denmark

Purpose: The Western Ontario Osteoarthritis of the Shoulder (WOOS) index is a disease-specific, patient-reported, 19-question survey that measures the quality of life among patients with osteoarthritis (OA). The purpose of this study was to validate the Danish version of WOOS for OA and fractures (FRs) using modern test theory.
Patients and methods: The study included 1,987 arthroplasties in 1,943 patients that were reported to the Danish Shoulder Arthroplasty Register between 2006 and 2011. These included 847 OA and 1,140 FR cases.
Results: Principal component analysis indicated the unidimensionality of WOOS. The person reliabilities showed a floor-ceiling effect, indicating that a dichotomy was the best fit for the WOOS scale. For OA, WOOS showed good reliability (item and person reliability of 0.98 and 0.76) and good targeting, with a person mean of -0.56 logits. FR also showed good targeting (person mean of -0.08) and good reliability (item and person reliabilities of 1.00 and 0.86, respectively). All WOOS items fit well with the OA sample except items 5 and 6 (pertaining to grinding and the influence of weather). In addition, item 6 showed signs of degrading the scale with an outfit mean square of 2.46. Only item 6 showed a misfit for FR with no sign of scale degradation. The residual principal component analysis confirmed the unidimensionality of FR but not OA. Six items displayed clinically significant differential item functioning between OA and FR.
Conclusion: Rasch analysis showed that WOOS had a good fit with the Rasch model when used as a dichotomous scale for OA and FR. However, the results were valid only when WOOS was divided into two categories with a threshold of 950 (50% of the maximum score). For the use of WOOS in future clinical research, we recommend that a dichotomous score be reported as a measure of clinical failure in OA and FR.

Keywords: shoulder arthroplasty, modern test theory, patient-reported outcome measure, questionnaire, quality of life

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