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Patellar luxation in dogs

Authors Di Dona F, Della Valle G, Fatone G

Received 16 January 2018

Accepted for publication 14 March 2018

Published 31 May 2018 Volume 2018:9 Pages 23—32

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/VMRR.S142545

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Justinn Cochran

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Professor Young Lyoo


Francesco Di Dona, Giovanni Della Valle, Gerardo Fatone

Department of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Productions, University of Napoli “Federico II”, Naples, Italy

Abstract: Patellar luxation is a common orthopedic problem in dogs. Medial luxation is more common than lateral luxation and is usually diagnosed in dogs of small breed. Diagnosis is based on clinical evidence of patellar instability; however, diagnostic imaging is required to assess the amount of skeletal deformity and then the most appropriate method of treatment. Surgical options include both soft tissue and osseous techniques, however, in most of the cases, a combination of more procedures is used to achieve the correction of the luxation. Complication rate is generally low and the most common complications include reluxation and implant-associated complications. Prognosis is generally favorable, with most of the dogs returning to normal limb function. This article describes patellar luxation features in dogs, including clinical presentation, diagnosis, and treatment options available.

Keywords: medial patellar luxation, lateral patellar luxation, stifle, pelvic limb, dog, small breeds, canine

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