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Novel Application of Magnetite Nanoparticle-Mediated Vitamin D3 Delivery for Peritoneal Dialysis-Related Peritoneal Damage

Authors Cheng FY, Chiou YY, Hung SY, Lin TM, Wang HK, Lin CW, Liou HH, Chang MY, Wang HH, Lee YC

Received 7 November 2020

Accepted for publication 23 February 2021

Published 11 March 2021 Volume 2021:16 Pages 2137—2146


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Prof. Dr. Thomas J. Webster

Fong-Yu Cheng,1 Yuan-Yow Chiou,2,3 Shih-Yuan Hung,4,5 Tsun-Mei Lin,6 Hao-Kuang Wang,7 Chi-Wei Lin,8 Hung-Hsiang Liou,9 Min-Yu Chang,5 Hsi-Hao Wang,5 Yi-Che Lee4,5,10

1Department of Chemistry, Chinese Culture University, Taipei, Taiwan; 2Department of Pediatrics, National Cheng Kung University Hospital, Tainan, Taiwan; 3Institute of Clinical Medicine, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan; 4School of Medicine, College of Medicine, I-Shou University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan; 5Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, E-DA Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan; 6Department of Laboratory Medicine, E-DA Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan; 7Department of Neurosurgery, E-DA Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan; 8Department of Medical Education, E-DA Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan; 9Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, Hsin-Jen Hospital, New Taipei City, Taiwan; 10Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, E-DA Dachang Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan

Correspondence: Yi-Che Lee
Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, E-DA Hospital/I-Shou University, No.1, Yida Road, Jiaosu Village, Yanchao District, Kaohsiung City, 82445, Taiwan, R.O.C
Tel +886-7-6150011 Ext 5121
Email [email protected]

Purpose: Vitamin D3 is useful for the treatment of peritoneal dialysis (PD)-related peritoneal damage, but its side effects, such as hypercalcemia and vascular calcification, limit its applicability. Thus, we developed vitamin D-loaded magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) and determined their therapeutic efficacy and side effects in vivo.
Materials and Methods: Alginate-modified MNPs were combined with 1α, 25 (OH)2D3 to generate vitamin D-loaded nanoparticles. The particles were conjugated with an antibody against peritoneum-glycoprotein M6A (GPM6A). The particles’ ability to target the peritoneum was examined following intraperitoneal administration to mice and by monitoring their bio-distribution. We also established a PD animal model to determine the therapeutic and side effects of vitamin D-loaded MNPs in vivo.
Results: Vitamin D-loaded MNPs targeted the peritoneum better than vitamin D3, and had the same therapeutic effect as vitamin D3 in ameliorating peritoneal fibrosis and functional deterioration in a PD animal model. Most importantly, the particles reduced the side effects of vitamin D3, such as hypercalcemia and body weight loss, in mice.
Conclusion: Vitamin D-loaded MNPs could be an ideal future therapeutic option to treat PD-related peritoneal damage.

Keywords: peritoneal dialysis, nanoparticles, vitamin D, fibrosis

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