Back to Journals » International Journal of Nanomedicine » Volume 16

Novel Application of Magnetite Nanoparticle-Mediated Vitamin D3 Delivery for Peritoneal Dialysis-Related Peritoneal Damage

Authors Cheng FY, Chiou YY, Hung SY, Lin TM, Wang HK, Lin CW, Liou HH, Chang MY, Wang HH, Lee YC

Received 7 November 2020

Accepted for publication 23 February 2021

Published 11 March 2021 Volume 2021:16 Pages 2137—2146

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/IJN.S291001

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Prof. Dr. Thomas J. Webster


Fong-Yu Cheng,1 Yuan-Yow Chiou,2,3 Shih-Yuan Hung,4,5 Tsun-Mei Lin,6 Hao-Kuang Wang,7 Chi-Wei Lin,8 Hung-Hsiang Liou,9 Min-Yu Chang,5 Hsi-Hao Wang,5 Yi-Che Lee4,5,10

1Department of Chemistry, Chinese Culture University, Taipei, Taiwan; 2Department of Pediatrics, National Cheng Kung University Hospital, Tainan, Taiwan; 3Institute of Clinical Medicine, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan; 4School of Medicine, College of Medicine, I-Shou University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan; 5Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, E-DA Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan; 6Department of Laboratory Medicine, E-DA Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan; 7Department of Neurosurgery, E-DA Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan; 8Department of Medical Education, E-DA Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan; 9Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, Hsin-Jen Hospital, New Taipei City, Taiwan; 10Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, E-DA Dachang Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan

Correspondence: Yi-Che Lee
Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, E-DA Hospital/I-Shou University, No.1, Yida Road, Jiaosu Village, Yanchao District, Kaohsiung City, 82445, Taiwan, R.O.C
Tel +886-7-6150011 Ext 5121
Email [email protected]

Purpose: Vitamin D3 is useful for the treatment of peritoneal dialysis (PD)-related peritoneal damage, but its side effects, such as hypercalcemia and vascular calcification, limit its applicability. Thus, we developed vitamin D-loaded magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) and determined their therapeutic efficacy and side effects in vivo.
Materials and Methods: Alginate-modified MNPs were combined with 1α, 25 (OH)2D3 to generate vitamin D-loaded nanoparticles. The particles were conjugated with an antibody against peritoneum-glycoprotein M6A (GPM6A). The particles’ ability to target the peritoneum was examined following intraperitoneal administration to mice and by monitoring their bio-distribution. We also established a PD animal model to determine the therapeutic and side effects of vitamin D-loaded MNPs in vivo.
Results: Vitamin D-loaded MNPs targeted the peritoneum better than vitamin D3, and had the same therapeutic effect as vitamin D3 in ameliorating peritoneal fibrosis and functional deterioration in a PD animal model. Most importantly, the particles reduced the side effects of vitamin D3, such as hypercalcemia and body weight loss, in mice.
Conclusion: Vitamin D-loaded MNPs could be an ideal future therapeutic option to treat PD-related peritoneal damage.

Keywords: peritoneal dialysis, nanoparticles, vitamin D, fibrosis

Creative Commons License This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at https://www.dovepress.com/terms.php and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.

Download Article [PDF]  View Full Text [HTML][Machine readable]