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Knowledge, Practice, and Attitude Toward COVID-19 Among Physicians in Jordan and Palestine: Cross-Sectional Study

Authors Al Demour S, Ababneh MA, Al-Taher RN, Alrabadi AF, Jaradat AF, Abushamma FA, Al-Hadidi FA, Al-Rawashdeh BM, Ihmeidan MA, Abubaker AK, Al-Zubi MT

Received 26 November 2020

Accepted for publication 29 December 2020

Published 13 January 2021 Volume 2021:14 Pages 77—87


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 4

Editor who approved publication: Dr Scott Fraser

Saddam Al Demour,1 Mera A Ababneh,2 Raed N Al-Taher,3 Adel F Alrabadi,1 Ahmad F Jaradat,4,5 Faris A Abushamma,4– 6 Fadi A Al-Hadidi,7 Baeth M Al-Rawashdeh,8 Mohammad A Ihmeidan,1 Ahmad K Abubaker,9 Mohammad T Al-Zubi10

1Department of Special Surgery, Division of Urology, School of Medicine, The University of Jordan, Amman 11942, Jordan; 2Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Irbid 22110, Jordan; 3Department of General Surgery, Division of Pediatric Surgery, School of Medicine, The University of Jordan, Amman 11942, Jordan; 4Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, An-Najah National University, Nablus 44833, Palestine; 5Department of Urology, An-Najah National University Hospital, Nablus 44833, Palestine; 6Bristol Urological Institute, North Bristol NHS Trust, Bristol, UK; 7Department of Special Surgery, Division of Orthopedics, School of Medicine, The University of Jordan, Amman 11942, Jordan; 8Department of Special Surgery, Division of Otorhinolaryngology, School of Medicine, The University of Jordan, Amman 11942, Jordan; 9Department of Anesthesia, Faculty of Medicine, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid 22110, Jordan; 10Department of Urology, Faculty of Medicine, Yarmouk University, Irbid 21163, Jordan

Correspondence: Saddam Al Demour Email

Background and Objectives: Coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) is an emerging disease threatening the world with a rapid increase in cases and deaths since it was first identified in December 2019. Adequate knowledge, practice, and attitudes (KPA) toward COVID-19 among physicians at the frontline defense against the COVID-19 pandemic may enhance their ability to avoid the risk of self-infection, decrease mortality, and provide adequate medical care service in this pandemic. This study aimed to assess KPA toward COVID-19 among physicians in Jordan and Palestine.
Methods: This is a cross-sectional study using an online survey conducted from 10 April to 26 April 2020 among Jordan and Palestine physicians. Invitations were sent to physician groups on Facebook and WhatsApp. This survey contains 36-items, divided into four main sections to assess the participants’ socio-demographic characteristics, knowledge, practice, and attitude about COVID-19.
Results: A total of 454 physicians participated in this study. The mean score of basic knowledge was 4.4 ± 0.8 (range 2– 4). There were significant differences between basic knowledge mean scores among physicians in different professional degrees and physicians in various health sectors (P=0.0315, P=0.0137, respectively). The mean scores of self-protection measures, were 6.1 ± 1.1 (range 3– 7) and measures if physician self-suspected of COVID-19 were 9.9± 1.1 (range 5– 11). The mean score of attitudes toward COVID-19 was 41.5 ± 3.3 (range 21– 45) and significantly related to the age and different experience years (P=0.0022, P=0.0077, respectively).
Conclusion: As the global threat of COVID-19 continues to emerge, physicians from Jordan and Palestine showed adequate KPA toward COVID-19. There was a significant difference in knowledge level and attitude between physicians. Policymakers and physicians should keep continuous educational activities, training, and follow-up updates during this pandemic.

Keywords: coronavirus, COVID-19, knowledge, practice, attitudes, physicians

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