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Influence of Confinement by COVID-19 on the Quality of Sleep and the Interests of University Students

Authors Martínez-Lezaun I, Santamaría-Vázquez M, Del Líbano M

Received 7 September 2020

Accepted for publication 15 October 2020

Published 24 November 2020 Volume 2020:12 Pages 1075—1081

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/NSS.S280892

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Professor Steven A Shea


Iratxe Martínez-Lezaun, 1 Montserrat Santamaría-Vázquez, 1 Mario Del Líbano 2

1Health Sciences Department, Universidad de Burgos, Burgos, Spain; 2Education Sciences Department, Universidad de Burgos, Burgos, Spain

Correspondence: Montserrat Santamaría-Vázquez
Health Sciences Department, Universidad de Burgos, Paseo Comendadores s/n, Burgos 09001, Spain
Tel + 34 947 109541
Email [email protected]

Purpose: To check for changes in sleep in three temporary times: before COVID-19 lockdown in university students, and also twenty days and forty days afterwards, as well as to see how it has influenced in their daily activities.
Materials and Methods: A longitudinal study was conducted with a sample of 75 participants from different Spanish universities. The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index and the Adapted Interest List were administered to evaluate the main variables of the study.
Results: About 70.7% of the sample showed worse sleep quality at 20 days, almost twice as much as before confinement (37.3%), there were more problems falling asleep (F(2, 75) = − 3.14, p = 0.002), and more difficulty getting back to sleep when waking up at night (F(2.75) = 2.08, p = 0.037) at 40 days of lockdown. In addition, as confinement time went on, students showed less activities. Factors such as working, in addition to studying, and relaxing activities (reading, listening to music) were associated with better sleep quality.
Conclusion: Sleep quality worsened during lockdown in university students, as well as both 20 and 40 days later. Staying busy during the day (not only studying but also working) and spending free time on relaxing activities are related to better sleep quality.

Keywords: lockdown, coronavirus, rest, leisure activities
 
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