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Hypofractionated postoperative helical tomotherapy in prostate cancer: a mono-institutional report of toxicity and clinical outcomes

Authors Cuccia F, Mortellaro G, Serretta V, Valenti V, Tripoli A, Gueci M, Luca N, Lo Casto A, Ferrera G

Received 31 July 2018

Accepted for publication 21 September 2018

Published 29 October 2018 Volume 2018:10 Pages 5053—5060

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/CMAR.S182016

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Colin Mak

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Professor Nakshatri


Francesco Cuccia,1,2 Gianluca Mortellaro,2 Vincenzo Serretta,3 Vito Valenti,1,2 Antonella Tripoli,1,2 Marina Gueci,1,2 Nicoletta Luca,1,2 Antonio Lo Casto,4 Giuseppe Ferrera2

1Radiation Oncology School, University of Palermo, Palermo, Italy; 2Radiation Oncology, ARNAS-Civico Hospital, Palermo, Italy; 3Section of Urology, Department of Surgical Oncological and Oral Science, University of Palermo, Palermo, Italy; 4Radiation Oncology School, Section of Radiological Sciences, DIBIMED, Università degli Studi di Palermo, Palermo, Italy

Purpose: This is a mono-institutional study of acute and late toxicities and early biochemical control of a retrospective series of 75 prostate cancer patients treated with moderate postoperative hypofractionation delivered by helical tomotherapy (HT).
Patients and methods: From April 2013 to June 2017, 75 patients received adjuvant (n=37) or salvage (n=38) treatment, delivering to prostate bed a total dose of 63.8 Gy (equivalent dose in 2-Gy fractions=67.4 Gy) using 2.2 Gy fractions. Whole-pelvis irradiation was performed in 63% of cases (median dose, 49.3 Gy; range, 48–55.1 Gy). Concurrent hormonal therapy was administered in 46% of cases. Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (version 4.0) was adopted for acute and late genitourinary (GU) and gastrointestinal (GI) toxicity evaluations. Biochemical progression was defined as PSA level increase of ≥0.2 or more above the postoperative radiotherapy (RT) nadir.
Results: Acute GU toxicities were as follows: G1 in 46% and G2 in 4%, detecting no G≥3 events. For GI toxicity, we recorded G1 in 36% and G2 in 18%. With a median follow-up of 30 months (range, 12–58 months), we found late toxicity G2 GI in 6.6% and G≥2 GU in 5.3%, including two patients who underwent surgical incontinence correction. Acute GI≥2 toxicity and diabetes were found to be predictive of late GI≥2 toxicity (P=0.04 and P=0.0019). Actuarial 2- and 3-year biochemical recurrence-free survivals were 88% and 73%, respectively, for the entire population.
Conclusion: In our experience, moderate hypofractionated postoperative RT with HT was feasible and safe, with reports of low incidence of toxicity and promising biochemical control rates.

Keywords: prostate neoplasm, radiotherapy, hypofractionation, adjuvant, salvage

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