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Functional Recovery Patterns of Hemorrhagic and Ischemic Stroke Patients Under Post-Acute Care Rehabilitation Program

Authors Chu CL, Chen YP, Chen CCP, Chen CK, Chang HN, Chang CH, Pei YC

Received 12 March 2020

Accepted for publication 13 July 2020

Published 13 August 2020 Volume 2020:16 Pages 1975—1985


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Dr Yuping Ning

Chan-Lin Chu,1,2 Yueh-Peng Chen,3 Carl CP Chen,3,4 Chih-Kuang Chen,3,4 Hsiang-Ning Chang,4 Chien-Hung Chang,1,2,5,* Yu-Cheng Pei3,4,6,7,*

1Department of Neurology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital at Linkou, Taoyuan, Taiwan; 2School of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan; 3Center for Artificial Intelligence in Medicine, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital at Linkou, Taoyuan, Taiwan; 4Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital at Linkou, Taoyuan, Taiwan; 5Department of Electrical Engineering, College of Engineering, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan; 6Healthy Aging Research Center, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan; 7Center of Vascularized Tissue Allograft, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital at Linkou, Taoyuan, Taiwan

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Correspondence: Yu-Cheng Pei; Chien-Hung Chang Email;

Background: Tailored rehabilitation programs for stroke patients cannot be made without knowledge of their recovery potential. The aim of this study is to characterize the functional recovery patterns of ischemic stroke (IS) and intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) patients under post-acute care stroke rehabilitation.
Methods: This retrospective study analyzed the data of patients enrolled in the Post-Acute Care-Cerebrovascular Disease (PAC-CVD) rehabilitation program, which provides an individualized 1- to 3-hour intensive physical, occupational, and speech and language therapy for post-acute stroke patients in Taoyuan Chang Gung Memorial hospital in Taiwan. Our primary endpoint measure was Barthel Index (BI), and secondary endpoint measures included other 12 functional measures.
Results: A total of 489 patients were included for analysis. Patients with stroke history had less BI improvement than those who suffered their first-ever stroke. In first-ever stroke patients who had completed 6 to 12 weeks of PAC-CVD program, subcortical ICH patients had greater BI, quality of life, sensation, and balance improvements, and had greater late-phase recovery than their IS counterparts. In IS patients, those with age > 75 had less BI improvement; those with National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score 1– 5 had greater Motor Activity Log quality of use (MAL-quality) improvement than those with NIHSS score > 5; those with Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) score ≥ 24 had greater BI and instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) improvement. Using the general linear model, previous stroke (ß: − 6.148, p=0.01) and subcortical ICH (ß: 5.04, p=0.03) were factors associated with BI improvement.
Conclusion: Subcortical ICH patients have greater functional improvement and greater late-phase recovery than their IS counterparts following PAC rehabilitation. More studies are needed to validate our findings and unravel the underlying mechanisms of stroke recovery to optimize the treatment strategy following a stroke.

Keywords: activities of daily living, functional recovery, hemorrhagic stroke, ischemic stroke, post-acute care, rehabilitation

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