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Expression profiling of adhesion proteins during prenatal and postnatal liver development in rats

Authors Yousaf M, Tayyeb A, Ali G

Received 12 April 2017

Accepted for publication 17 July 2017

Published 20 September 2017 Volume 2017:10 Pages 21—28

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/SCCAA.S139497

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Lucy Goodman

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Bernard Binetruy

Mehwish Yousaf,1 Asima Tayyeb,2 Gibran Ali1

1National Centre of Excellence in Molecular Biology, University of the Punjab, 2School of Biological Sciences, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan

Abstract: Culturing of primary hepatocytes and stem cell-derived hepatocytes faces a major issue of dedifferentiation due to absence of cell–cell adhesion and 3D structures. One of the possible ways to eliminate the problem of dedifferentiation is mimicking the expression pattern of adhesion proteins during the normal developmental process of liver cells. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the expression pattern of some key adhesion proteins, namely, E-cadherin, N-cadherin, epithelial CAM (EpCAM), intracellular CAM (ICAM), collagen 1α1, α-actinin, β-catenin and vimentin, in the liver tissue during prenatal and postnatal stages. Furthermore, differences in their expression between prenatal, early postnatal and adult stages were highlighted. Wistar rats were used to isolate livers at prenatal Day 14 and 17 as well as on postnatal Day 1, 3, 7 and 14. The liver from adult rats was used as control. Both conventional and real-time quantitative polymerase chain reactions (PCRs) were performed. For most of the adhesion proteins such as E-cadherin, N-cadherin, EpCAM, ICAM, collagen 1α1 and α-actinin, low expression was observed around prenatal Day 14 and an increasing expression was observed in the postnatal period. Moreover, β-catenin and vimentin showed higher expression in the early prenatal period, which decreased gradually in the postnatal period, but still this low expression was considerably higher than that in the adult control rats. This basic knowledge of the regulation of expression of adhesion proteins during different developmental stages indicates their vital role in liver development. This pattern can be further studied and imitated under in vitro conditions to achieve better cell–cell interactions.

Keywords: CAMS, cadherins, embryonic, hepatic

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