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Effect of Different Volumes of Interval Training and Continuous Exercise on Interleukin-22 in Adults with Metabolic Syndrome: A Randomized Trial

Authors Ramos JS, Dalleck LC, Stennett RC, Mielke GI, Keating SE, Murray L, Hasnain SZ, Fassett RG, McGuckin M, Croci I, Coombes JS

Received 27 February 2020

Accepted for publication 17 May 2020

Published 9 July 2020 Volume 2020:13 Pages 2443—2453

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/DMSO.S251567

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Konstantinos Tziomalos


Joyce S Ramos,1,2 Lance C Dalleck,2,3 Rebecca C Stennett,1 Gregore I Mielke,1 Shelley E Keating,1 Lydia Murray,4 Sumaira Z Hasnain,4,5 Robert G Fassett,1 Michael McGuckin,4,6 Ilaria Croci,1,7 Jeff S Coombes1

1Centre for Research on Exercise, Physical Activity and Health, School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia; 2Caring Futures Institute and SHAPE Research Centre, Exercise Science and Clinical Exercise Physiology, College of Nursing and Health Sciences, Flinders University, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia; 3Recreation, Exercise, and Sport Science Department, Western State Colorado University, Gunnison, Colorado, USA; 4Immunopathology Group, Mater Research Institute - The University of Queensland, Translational Research Institute, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia; 5Australian Infectious Disease Research Centre, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia; 6Faculty of Medicine, Dentistry and Health Sciences, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia; 7K.G. Jebsen Center of Exercise in Medicine, Department of Circulation and Medical Imaging, Faculty of Medicine, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Sor Trondelag, Norway

Correspondence: Joyce S Ramos Email joyce.ramos@flinders.edu.au

Introduction: IL-22 may have a role in the alleviation of the metabolic syndrome (MetS) via protection of pancreatic beta and endothelial cells from oxidative and lipid-induced damage. We aimed to investigate the effects of moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT) and different volumes of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) on changes in circulating IL-22.
Methods: This was a sub-study of the “Exercise in the prevention of Metabolic Syndrome” (EX-MET) a multi-center, randomized trial. This study used data collected at the Brisbane site. Thirty-nine individuals with MetS were randomized to one of three 16-wk interventions: 1) MICT (n=10, 30min at 60– 70% HR peak, 5x/wk); 2) 4HIIT (n=13, 4x4min at 85– 95% HR peak, interspersed with 3min of active recovery at 50– 70% HR peak, 3x/wk); or 3) 1HIIT (n=16, 1x4min at 85– 95% HR peak, 3x/wk). Serum IL-22 concentration was measured following a 12-hr fast via an enzyme linked immunosorbent assay, before and after the intervention. MetS severity, insulin resistance (IR), visceral adipose tissue (VAT), and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) were also measured via MetS z-score, HOMA-IR, dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, and indirect calorimetry (maximal exercise test), respectively.
Results: The median (IQR) IL-22% changes from pre- to post-intervention in the MICT, 4HIIT, and 1HIIT groups were − 17% (− 43.0% to 31.3%), +16.5% (− 18.9% to 154.9%), and +15.9% (− 28.7% to 46.1%), respectively. Although there were no significant between-group differences in IL-22 concentration change, there was a medium-to-large group × time interaction effect [F(2,35)=2.08, p=0.14, η2=0.14].
Conclusion: Although there was no statistically significant between-group difference in IL-22 change, the study suggests that different exercise intensities may have opposing effects on IL-22 concentration in individuals with MetS.

Keywords: high-intensity interval training, IL-22, inflammation, cardiovascular disease, metabolic syndrome, cytokine

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