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Effect of changing journal clubs from traditional method to evidence-based method on psychiatry residents

Authors Faridhosseini F, Saghebi A, Khadem-Rezaiyan M, Moharari F, Dadgarmoghaddam M

Received 7 April 2016

Accepted for publication 17 May 2016

Published 10 August 2016 Volume 2016:7 Pages 483—487


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Robert Robinson

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Dr Anwarul Azim Majumder

Farhad Faridhosseini,1 Ali Saghebi,2 Majid Khadem-Rezaiyan,3 Fatemeh Moharari,2 Maliheh Dadgarmoghaddam3

1Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences Research Center, 2Department of Psychiatry, Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences Research Center, 3Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Mahhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

Introduction: Journal club is a valuable educational tool in the medical field. This method follows different goals. This study aims to investigate the effect on psychiatry residents of changing journal clubs from the traditional method to the evidence-based method.
Method: This study was conducted using a before–after design. First- and second-year residents of psychiatry were included in the study. First, the status quo was evaluated by standardized questionnaire regarding the effect of journal club. Then, ten sessions were held to familiarize the residents with the concept of journal club. After that, evidence-based journal club sessions were held. The questionnaire was given to the residents again after the final session. Data were analyzed through descriptive statistics (frequency and percentage frequency, mean and standard deviation), and analytic statistics (paired t-test) using SPSS 22.
Results: Of a total of 20 first- and second-year residents of psychiatry, the data of 18 residents were finally analyzed. Most of the subjects (17 [93.7%]) were females. The mean overall score before and after the intervention was 1.83±0.45 and 2.85±0.57, respectively, which showed a significant increase (P<0.001).
Conclusion: Moving toward evidence-based journal clubs seems like an appropriate measure to reach the goals set by this educational tool.

Keywords: journal club, evidence-based, residents, education method

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