Discovery of nonnucleoside inhibitors of polymerase from infectious pancreatic necrosis virus (IPNV)
Received 14 April 2018
Accepted for publication 14 May 2018
Published 30 July 2018 Volume 2018:12 Pages 2337—2359
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Dr Tuo Deng
Melissa Bello-Pérez,1 Alberto Falcó,1 Vicente Galiano,2 Julio Coll,3 Luis Perez,1 José Antonio Encinar1
1Molecular and Cell Biology Institute (IBMC), Miguel Hernández University (UMH), Elche, Spain; 2Department of Physics and Computer Architecture, Miguel Hernández University (UMH), Elche, Spain; 3Department of Biotechnology, Instituto Nacional de Investigación y Tecnología Agraria y Alimentaria (INIA), Madrid, Spain
Introduction: Infectious pancreatic necrosis virus (IPNV) causes serious losses in several fish species of commercial interest. IPNV is a non-enveloped double-stranded RNA virus with a genome consisting of two segments A and B. Segment B codes for the VP1 protein, a non-canonical RNA-dependent RNA polymerase that can be found both in its free form and linked to the end of genomic RNA, an essential enzyme for IPNV replication.
Materials and methods: We take advantage of the knowledge over the allosteric binding site described on the surface of the thumb domain of Hepatitis C virus (HCV) polymerase to design new non-nucleoside inhibitors against the IPNV VP1 polymerase.
Results: Molecular docking techniques have been used to screen a chemical library of 23,760 compounds over a defined cavity in the surface of the thumb domain. Additional ADMET (absorption, distribution, metabolism, excretion, and toxicity) filter criteria has been applied.
Conclusion: We select two sets of 9 and 50 inhibitor candidates against the polymerases of HCV and IPNV, respectively. Two non-toxic compounds have been tested in vitro with antiviral capacity against IPNV Sp and LWVRT60 strains in the low µM range with different activity depending on the IPNV strain used.
Keywords: IPNV, HCV, antiviral drugs, non-nucleoside inhibitors, RdRp, molecular docking
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