Decade-long trends in the timeliness of receipt of a primary percutaneous coronary intervention
Authors Chen H, Gore J, Lapane K, Yarzebski J, Person S, Kiefe C, Goldberg R
Received 10 December 2015
Accepted for publication 11 March 2016
Published 6 June 2016 Volume 2016:8 Pages 141—149
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewers approved by Dr Christian F Christiansen
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Professor Henrik Toft Sorensen
Han-Yang Chen,1 Joel M Gore,1,2 Kate L Lapane,1 Jorge Yarzebski,1 Sharina D Person,1 Catarina I Kiefe,1 Robert J Goldberg1,3
1Department of Quantitative Health Sciences, 2Department of Medicine, 3Meyers Primary Care Institute, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA, USA
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to examine decade-long trends (2001–2011) in, and factors associated with, door-to-balloon time within 90 minutes of hospital presentation among patients hospitalized with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) who received a primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).
Methods: Residents of central Massachusetts hospitalized with STEMI who received a primary PCI at two major PCI-capable medical centers in central Massachusetts on a biennial basis between 2001 and 2011 comprised the study population (n=629). Multivariable regression analyses were used to examine factors associated with failing to receive a primary PCI within 90 minutes after emergency department (ED) arrival.
Results: The average age of this patient population was 61.9 years; 30.5% were women, and 91.7% were White. During the years under study, 50.9% of patients received a primary PCI within 90 minutes of ED arrival; this proportion increased from 2001/2003 (17.2%) to 2009/2011 (70.5%) (P<0.001). Having previously undergone coronary artery bypass graft surgery, arriving at the ED by car/walk-in and during off-hours were significantly associated with a higher risk of failing to receive a primary PCI within 90 minutes of ED arrival.
Conclusion: The likelihood of receiving a timely primary PCI in residents of central Massachusetts hospitalized with STEMI at the major teaching/community medical centers increased dramatically during the years under study. Several groups were identified for purposes of heightened surveillance and intervention efforts to reduce the likelihood of failing to receive a timely primary PCI among patients acutely diagnosed with STEMI.
Keywords: epidemiology, ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction, percutaneous coronary intervention
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