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Curcumin reduces hippocampal neuron apoptosis and JNK-3 phosphorylation in rats with Aβ-induced Alzheimer's disease: protecting spatial learning and memory

Authors Wang YL, Li JF, Wang YT, Xu CY, Hua LL, Yang XP, Geng S, Wang SS, Wang Z, Yin HL

Received 24 October 2016

Accepted for publication 10 February 2017

Published 21 June 2017 Volume 2017:5 Pages 117—123


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Prof. Dr. Hongyun Huang

Yun-liang Wang,1,2,* Jin-feng Li,1,* Yu-tong Wang,3 Chun-yang Xu,2 Lin-lin Hua,2 Xiao-peng Yang,2 Shuang Geng,1 Shan-shan Wang,1 Zhen Wang,1 Hong-lei Yin1

1Neurology Department, 148th Hospital, Zibo, Shandong, 2Neurology Department, Second Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, 3Public Health Department, Henan University School of Medicine, Kaifeng, Henan, People’s Republic of China

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Abstract: Amyloid-β peptide (Aβ) toxicity in Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is associated with the c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) signaling pathway. Curcumin may prevent Aβ fiber formation, slowing AD progression. A model of AD was established in 32 Sprague Dawley rats by injection of 10 μg Aβ1–40 into the right hippocampus. Saline was used in sham control (n=16). Sixteen AD model rats received 300 mg/kg curcumin and another 16 received saline daily for 7 days. Spatial learning and memory were assessed using a Morris water maze. Hippocampus neuron apoptosis and hippocampal levels of JNK-3 and p-JNK-3 were assessed by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labeling, reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and Western blotting. Aβ1–40 injection induced slower spatial learning, memory deficit, neuronal apoptosis and increased JNK-3 expression and phosphorylation (all P<0.05). Curcumin relieved spatial learning and memory deficits, hippocampus neuronal apoptosis, and reduced JNK-3 and p-JNK-3 levels (all P<0.05). In conclusion, curcumin may inhibit JNK-3 phosphorylation to protect against hippocampal neuron apoptosis after Aβ injection.

Keywords: Alzheimer’s disease, curcumin, apoptosis, JNK-3, phosphorylation

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