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Comparative efficacy of targeted maintenance therapy for newly diagnosed epithelial ovarian cancer: a network meta-analysis

Authors Xu X, Yin S, Guo H, Li M, Qian Z, Tian X, Li T

Received 11 September 2018

Accepted for publication 4 April 2019

Published 7 May 2019 Volume 2019:11 Pages 4119—4128

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/CMAR.S187119

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Colin Mak

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Beicheng Sun


Xiaoyu Xu,1 Songcheng Yin,2,3 Hongling Guo,1 Mengxiong Li,1 Zhirong Qian,4 Xiaohui Tian,1 Tian Li1

1Department of Gynecology, The Seventh Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, Shenzhen, People’s Republic of China; 2Center for Digestive Disease, The Seventh Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, Shenzhen, People’s Republic of China; 3Department of Surgical Oncology, First Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, People’s Republic of China; 4Scientific Research Center, The Seventh Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, Shenzhen, People’s Republic of China

Background: The number of published randomized clinical trials (RCTs) using targeted maintenance therapy for newly diagnosed epithelial ovarian cancer is increasing. Our objective was to evaluate the comparative effectiveness of each maintenance therapy using a network meta-analysis.
Materials and methods: A systematic search for RCTs was conducted using Medline, Embase, and CENTRAL databases followed by a Bayesian network meta-analysis. The primary outcome was progression-free survival (PFS) and the secondary outcome was overall survival (OS). Pooled hazard ratios (HRs) with 95% credible intervals (95% CrIs) were used to estimate outcomes.
Results: A total of 11 RCTs involving 6631 patients were included. Network meta-analysis showed that pure maintenance therapy with pazopanib resulted in a significantly better PFS compared with placebo (HR, 0.77; 95% CrI, 0.65–0.92). Bevacizumab-throughout treatment was also associated with a better PFS (HR, 0.76, 95% CrI, 0.69–0.84). However, anti-CA-125 monoclonal antibodies (abagovomab and oregovomab) showed no significant survival benefit. Moreover, combined analysis showed that targeted-throughout was not significantly superior to pure targeted maintenance therapy for PFS and OS. Stratified analysis showed paralleled results with no significant difference between pazopanib pure maintenance and bevacizumab-throughout treatments.
Conclusion: Our study showed a survival advantage conferred by pazopanib and bevacizumab as maintenance therapy in newly diagnosed epithelial ovarian cancer. Further clinical trials are essential to both determine the effect of bevacizumab in the maintenance stage and identify the specific subgroup(s) that benefit.

Keywords: targeted treatment, maintenance therapy, ovarian cancer, network meta-analysis

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