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CircANKRD11 Knockdown Protects HPMECs from Cigarette Smoke Extract-Induced Injury by Regulating miR-145-5p/BRD4 Axis

Authors Wang Z, Zuo Y, Gao Z

Received 4 January 2021

Accepted for publication 14 March 2021

Published 1 April 2021 Volume 2021:16 Pages 887—899


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Richard Russell

Zheng Wang,1 Yuqiang Zuo,2 Zhihong Gao2

1Department of Respiratory Medicine, The Second Hospital of Hebei Medical University, Shijiazhuang, Hebei, 050000, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Physical Examination Center, The Second Hospital of Hebei Medical University, Shijiazhuang, Hebei, 050000, People’s Republic of China

Correspondence: Zhihong Gao
Department of Physical Examination Center, The Second Hospital of Hebei Medical University Tel +86-0311-87046901
Email [email protected]

Background: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a major cause of death because of its high incidence and mortality, which is chiefly resulted from cigarette smoke exposure. A large number of studies show that circular RNA (circRNA) participates in regulating COPD process. This study aims to reveal the role of circRNA ankyrin repeat domain 11 (circANKRD11) in cigarette smoke extract (CSE)-induced cell apoptosis, inflammation, and oxidative stress.
Methods: The expression of circANKRD11, microRNA-145-5p (miR-145-5p) and bromodomain-containing 4 (BRD4) mRNA was detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. The expression of apoptosis-related proteins and BRD4 protein was determined by Western blot. Cell apoptosis was detected by flow cytometry and Western blot. Cell inflammation was demonstrated by determining the levels of interleukin-1β (IL-1β), IL-6 and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) through enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Oxidative stress was investigated by the reactive oxygen species (ROS) and malondialdehyde (MDA) determination assays as well as superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity assay. The binding relationship between miR-145-5p and circANKRD11 or BRD4 was predicted by circinteractome or MicroT_CDS online database, and identified by dual-luciferase reporter, RNA immunoprecipitation or RNA pull-down assay.
Results: CircANKRD11 and BRD4 expression were increased, whereas miR-145-5p expression was decreased in the lung tissues of smokers with or without COPD and CSE-induced HPMECs compared with the lung tissues of non-smokers as well as untreated HPMECs, respectively. CircANKRD11 silencing ameliorated CSE-induced cell apoptosis, inflammation, and oxidative stress. CircANKRD11 acted as a sponge of miR-145-5p, and regulated CSE-induced cell injury via sponging miR-145-5p. Additionally, miR-145-5p mimics protected against CSE-induced cell injury through targeting BRD4.
Conclusion: CircANKRD11 absence protected HPMECs from CSE-induced injury by regulating BRD4 through associating with miR-145-5p, which demonstrated that circANKRD11 had the potential to act as a diagnosis biomarker for smoker-caused COPD.

Keywords: COPD, circANKRD11, miR-145-5p, BRD4

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