Characterization of the IncFII-IncFIB(pB171) Plasmid Carrying blaNDM-5 in Escherichia coli ST405 Clinical Isolate in Japan
Received 30 September 2019
Accepted for publication 19 January 2020
Published 18 February 2020 Volume 2020:13 Pages 561—566
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single anonymous peer review
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Dr Eric Nulens
Yoko Takayama, 1, 2 Tsuyoshi Sekizuka, 3 Hidehito Matsui, 4 Yuzuru Adachi, 4 Ryotaro Eda, 5 Shin Nihonyanagi, 2 Tatsuhiko Wada, 2 Mari Matsui, 6 Satowa Suzuki, 6 Masashi Takaso, 7 Hidero Kitasato, 5 Makoto Kuroda, 3 Hideaki Hanaki 4
1Department of Infection Control and Infectious Diseases, Research and Development Center for New Medical Frontiers, Kitasato University School of Medicine, Kanagawa, Japan; 2Department of Infection Control and Prevention, Kitasato University Hospital, Kanagawa, Japan; 3Pathogen Genomics Center, National Institute of Infectious Diseases, Tokyo, Japan; 4Infection Control Research Center, Kitasato Institute for Life Sciences, Kitasato University, Tokyo, Japan; 5Department of Microbiology, School of Allied Health Sciences, Kitasato University, Kanagawa, Japan; 6Antimicrobial Resistance Research Center, National Institute of Infectious Diseases, Tokyo, Japan; 7Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Kitasato University School of Medicine, Kanagawa, Japan
Correspondence: Yoko Takayama 1-15-1 Kitasato, Minami-Ku, Sagamihara, Kanagawa 252-0374, Japan
Purpose: New Delhi metallo-β-lactamase 5 (NDM-5) shows stronger resistance to carbapenems and broad-spectrum cephalosporins than NDM-1 because NDM-5 differs from NDM-1 by two amino acid substitutions. In this study, our aim was to characterize a NDM-5-producing Escherichia coli isolate KY1497 from a patient with urinary tract infection in Japan, who had no recent history of overseas travel.
Patients and Methods: NDM-5-producing E. coli isolate KY1497 was detected in the urine sample of a patient hospitalized in a tertiary hospital in Japan. The complete genome sequence of isolate KY1497 was determined by short- and long-read sequencing with hybrid assembly, followed by multilocus sequence typing (MLST), core-genome phylogeny analysis, plasmid analysis, and transconjugation experiments.
Results: KY1497 was classified as ST405 by MLST, and core-genome phylogeny exhibited the closest lineage to the clinical isolates in Nepal (IOMTU605) and Canada (FDAARGOS_448). KY1497 harbors blaNDM-5 in the IncFII-IncFIB(pB171) replicon plasmid (pKY1497_1, 123,767 base pairs). Plasmid analysis suggested that the cognate plasmids of pKY1497_1 have a minor plasmid background, rather than the globally disseminated IncX3 plasmid carrying blaNDM-5. Transconjugation analysis revealed that pKY1497_1 is transmissible to the recipient E. coli J53 strain.
Conclusion: We characterized a novel Inc replicon plasmid (IncFII-IncFIB[pB171]) carrying blaNDM-5 and its host E. coli strain. NDMs are associated with a high risk of infection worldwide because of their antibiotic resistance and untreatable and hard-to-treat infections. Other patients in the hospital showed negative results for carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae. As NDM-producing strains are only sporadically detected in Japan, attention should be provided to the community prevalence of NDM-producing E. coli strains to prevent nosocomial infections.
Keywords: blaNDM-5, Escherichia coli, sequence type 405, IncFII, IncFIB
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