Back to Journals » Pathology and Laboratory Medicine International » Volume 7

BRAF mutational analysis in ovarian tumors: recent perspectives

Authors Wong K, Tsai C, Gershenson D

Received 28 April 2015

Accepted for publication 15 July 2015

Published 18 September 2015 Volume 2015:7 Pages 75—82


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 4

Editor who approved publication: Dr Paul Zhang

Kwong-Kwok Wong,1 Ching-Chou Tsai,2 David M Gershenson1

1Department of Gynecologic Oncology and Reproductive Medicine, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, USA; 2Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Kaohsiung, Taiwan, Republic of China

Abstract: BRAF mutations are rare in ovarian cancer and mainly occur in indolent serous borderline tumors (SBTs), also known as serous tumors of low malignant potential or atypical proliferative serous tumors. The reported percentage of BRAF mutations in SBTs varies from 23% to 71%. Although a high percentage of stage II–IV SBTs with noninvasive implants have progressed to invasive low-grade serous carcinomas when patients were observed for 5 years or longer, BRAF mutations are rare in low-grade serous carcinomas as well as in invasive implants associated with SBTs. BRAF mutations in SBTs may prevent SBTs from progressing to invasive carcinomas. On the other hand, the reported percentage of BRAF mutations in mucinous carcinoma (20%) is much higher than that of mucinous borderline tumor (5%). Further investigation of the role of BRAF mutations in SBTs and mucinous tumor will shed light on the molecular mechanism underlying the role of BRAF mutations in tumor progression in different cellular context and the clinical utility of BRAF mutations in SBTs as a biomarker of favorable prognosis.

Keywords: BRAF V600E, ovarian cancer, COLD-PCR

Creative Commons License This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.

Download Article [PDF]  View Full Text [HTML][Machine readable]