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Bevacizumab combined with chemotherapy vs single-agent therapy in recurrent glioblastoma: evidence from randomized controlled trials

Authors Chen Z, Xu N, Zhao C, Xue T, Wu X, Wang Z

Received 7 May 2018

Accepted for publication 2 June 2018

Published 23 July 2018 Volume 2018:10 Pages 2193—2205

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/CMAR.S173323

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Professor Nakshatri


Zhouqing Chen,1,* Na Xu,2,* Chongshun Zhao,1 Tao Xue,1 Xin Wu,1 Zhong Wang1

1Department of Neurosurgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow Unicersity, Suzhou, Jiangsu Province 215006, China; 2State Key Laboratory of Medical Neurobiology, Institute of Brain Sciences and Collaborative Innovation Center for Brain Science, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032, China

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Background: Recent studies showed inconsistent results of bevacizumab combined with chemotherapy vs single-agent therapy in terms of their safety and efficacy for the treatment of recurrent glioblastoma. Therefore, we performed a meta-analysis to explore the value of bevacizumab combined with chemotherapy and single-agent therapy in recurrent glioblastoma treatment.
Methods: Databases such as MEDLINE, Embase, and Cochrane Library were searched for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) related to the topic of bevacizumab combined with chemotherapy and single-agent therapy as treatments for recurrent glioblastoma from January 1980 to April 2018. Subsequent articles were then sorted, evaluated, and analyzed.
Results: We pooled 1,169 patient cases from seven RCTs. Bevacizumab combined with chemotherapy showed a significantly improved progression-free survival (PFS) (HR=0.65; 95% CI 0.57–0.74; P<0.001) compared to single-agent therapy. In addition, the overall survival (OS) rate showed insignificant differences between the two groups (HR=0.96; 95% CI 0.83–1.12; P=0.622). Simultaneously, we found that bevacizumab combined with chemotherapy had a higher objective response rate (ORR) (OR=2.10; 95% CI 1.32–3.33; P=0.002), but also higher incidence of adverse events (AEs) (OR=1.85; 95% CI 1.26–2.71; P=0.002). However, in subgroup analysis, we found that AEs showed insignificant differences between the two treatment methods when bevacizumab was used as the single-agent therapy subgroup (P=0.058). In addition, in the subgroup with low corticosteroid use rate at baseline (N<50%), ORR (P=0.108) and AEs (P=0.134) showed insignificant differences between the two groups.
Conclusion: Bevacizumab combined with chemotherapy can significantly improve PFS and ORR, but did not prolong OS in these studies, and can even lead to higher odds of AEs. In addition, bevacizumab may play a dominant role and corticosteroid may be an unfavorable factor in the combination therapy of recurrent glioblastoma.

Keywords: bevacizumab, combination therapy, recurrent glioblastoma, meta-analysis

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