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Anlotinib Exerts Anti-Cancer Effects on KRAS-Mutated Lung Cancer Cell Through Suppressing the MEK/ERK Pathway

Authors Hu H, Liu Y, Tan S, Xie XX, He J, Luo F, Wang L

Received 24 December 2019

Accepted for publication 1 May 2020

Published 19 May 2020 Volume 2020:12 Pages 3579—3587


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Yong Teng

Haoyue Hu,1,* Yanyang Liu,1,* Songtao Tan,1,* Xiao Xiao Xie,1 Jun He,1,2 Feng Luo,1 Li Wang1

1Lung Cancer Center, Cancer Center, State Key Laboratory of Biotherapy, West China Hospital of Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Oncology, The Third Hospital of Mianyang (Sichuan Mental Health Center), Mianyang, Sichuan, People’s Republic of China

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Correspondence: Feng Luo; Li Wang
Lung Cancer Center, Cancer Center, State Key Laboratory of Biotherapy, West China Hospital of Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan, People’s Republic of China

Background: With a high frequency of 30%, KRAS mutations in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) often lead to their poor response to most anti-cancer therapies. As a multi-target tyrosine kinase inhibitor, Anlotinib shows clinical efficacy against several types of cancer. However, its effects on KRAS mutant NSCLC and the underlying molecular mechanisms remain unclear.
Materials and Methods: Cell counting Kit-8 assay, colony formation assay, flow cytometry analysis, wound healing scratch assay, Transwell assay and xenograft mouse model were used to evaluate the anti-cancer effects of Anlotinib. The potential molecular mechanisms were determined by immunohistochemistry (IHC) and Western blotting.
Results: Anlotinib inhibited proliferation of KRAS mutant lung cancer cells and induced apoptosis in vitro. In addition, the migration and invasion abilities of these cells were also decreased after treatment with Anlotinib. It significantly suppressed tumor growth in vivo and prolonged the survival of the xenograft-bearing mice, which correlated to lower expression levels of Ki67 in the tumor tissues. Mechanistically, Anlotinib downregulated MEK and ERK as well as their phosphorylated forms in the KRAS mutant lung cancer cells.
Conclusion: Anlotinib inhibits the growth of KRAS mutant lung cancer cells partly via the suppression of the MEK/ERK pathway. Our findings provide novel insights into treating recalcitrant KRAS mutated NSCLC.

Keywords: Anlotinib, KRAS-mutated, lung cancer, signal pathways

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