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Adequacy of Therapy for People with Both COPD and Heart Failure in the UK: Historical Cohort Study

Authors Kostikas K, Rhee CK, Hurst JR, Agostoni P, Cao H, Fogel R, Jones R, Kocks JWH, Mezzi K, Wan Yau Ming S, Ryan R, Price DB

Received 19 February 2020

Accepted for publication 30 April 2020

Published 2 June 2020 Volume 2020:11 Pages 55—66

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/POR.S250451

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Prof. Dr. Christoph R. Meier


Konstantinos Kostikas,1 Chin Kook Rhee,2 John R Hurst,3 Piergiuseppe Agostoni,4,5 Hui Cao,6 Robert Fogel,6 Rupert Jones,7 Janwillem WH Kocks,8– 10 Karen Mezzi,1 Simon Wan Yau Ming,8 Ronan Ryan,8 David B Price8,11

1Novartis Pharma AG, Basel, Switzerland; 2Division of Pulmonary, Allergy and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul St. Mary’s Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, South Korea; 3UCL Respiratory, University College London, London, UK; 4Centro Cardiologico Monzino, IRCCS, Milan, Italy; 5Department of Clinical Science and Community Health, University of Milan, Milan, Italy; 6Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corporation, East Hanover, NJ, USA; 7Plymouth University, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, Plymouth, UK; 8Observational and Pragmatic Research Institute, Singapore, Singapore; 9General Practitioners Research Institute, Groningen, the Netherlands; 10Groningen Research Institute for Asthma and COPD (GRIAC), University Medical Center Groningen, Groningen, the Netherlands; 11Centre of Academic Primary Care, Division of Applied Health Sciences, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, UK

Correspondence: David B Price
Centre of Academic Primary Care, Division of Applied Health Sciences, University of Aberdeen, Polwarth Building, Foresterhill, Aberdeen AB25 2ZD, UK
Tel +65 6802 9724
Email dprice@opri.sg

Purpose: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and heart failure (HF) often occur concomitantly, presenting diagnostic and therapeutic challenges for clinicians. We examined the characteristics of patients prescribed adequate versus inadequate therapy within 3 months after newly diagnosed comorbid COPD or HF.
Patients and Methods: Eligible patients in longitudinal UK electronic medical record databases had pre-existing HF and newly diagnosed COPD (2017 GOLD groups B/C/D) or pre-existing COPD and newly diagnosed HF. Adequate COPD therapy was defined as long-acting bronchodilator(s) with/without inhaled corticosteroid; adequate HF therapy was defined as beta-blocker plus angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor and/or angiotensin receptor blocker.
Results: Of 2439 patients with HF and newly diagnosed COPD (mean 75 years, 61% men), adequate COPD therapy was prescribed for 726 (30%) and inadequate for 1031 (42%); 682 (28%) remained untreated for COPD. Adequate (vs inadequate) COPD therapy was less likely for women (35%) than men (45%), smokers (36%) than ex-/non-smokers (45%), and non-obese (41%) than obese (47%); spirometry was recorded for 57% prescribed adequate versus 35% inadequate COPD therapy. Of 12,587 patients with COPD and newly diagnosed HF (mean 75 years, 60% men), adequate HF therapy was prescribed for 2251 (18%) and inadequate for 5332 (42%); 5004 (40%) remained untreated for HF. Adequate (vs inadequate) HF therapy was less likely for smokers (27%) than ex-/non-smokers (32%) and non-obese (30%) than obese (35%); spirometry was recorded for 65% prescribed adequate versus 39% inadequate HF therapy.
Conclusion: Many patients with comorbid COPD/HF receive inadequate therapy after new diagnosis. Improved equity of access to integrated care is needed for all patient subgroups.

Keywords: beta-blocker, long-acting bronchodilator, integrated care, multimorbidity

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