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Update on otitis media – prevention and treatment

Authors Qureishi A, Lee Y, Belfield K, Birchall JP, Daniel M

Received 20 October 2013

Accepted for publication 25 November 2013

Published 10 January 2014 Volume 2014:7 Pages 15—24

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/IDR.S39637

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 4

Ali Qureishi,1 Yan Lee,2 Katherine Belfield,3 John P Birchall,4 Matija Daniel,2

1Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Northampton General Hospital, Northampton, UK; 2NIHR Nottingham Hearing Biomedical Research Unit, Nottingham, UK; 3Biomaterials Related Infection Group, 4Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, The University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK

Abstract: Acute otitis media and otitis media with effusion are common childhood disorders, a source of significant morbidity, and a leading cause of antibiotic prescription in primary health care. Although effective treatments are available, some shortcomings remain, and thus better treatments would be welcome. Recent discoveries within the field of otitis media research relating to its etiology and pathogenesis have led to further investigation aimed at developing novel treatments. This article provides a review of the latest evidence relating to the understanding of acute otitis media and otitis media with effusion, current treatment strategies, their limitations, new areas of research, and novel strategies for treatment.

Keywords: otitis media, ear, hearing, infection, biofilm, antibiotics

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