Up-Regulation of MicroRNA-21 Indicates Poor Prognosis and Promotes Cell Proliferation in Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma via Upregulation of lncRNA SNHG1
Received 3 July 2019
Accepted for publication 22 October 2019
Published 6 January 2020 Volume 2020:12 Pages 1—14
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single anonymous peer review
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Dr Antonella D'Anneo
Dongbo Luo,1,* Zhenyi Huang,2,* Hongbo Lv,1 Yang Wang,1 Wei Sun,1 Xiaohong Sun1
1Department of Thoracic Surgery, Affiliated Tumor Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University, Urumqi 830011, People’s Republic of China; 2The Third Clinical Medicine College of Xinjiang Medical University, Urumqi 830011, People’s Republic of China
*These authors contributed equally to this work
Correspondence: Xiaohong Sun Email firstname.lastname@example.org
Introduction: MicroRNA-21 (miRNA-21) and lncRNA SNHG1 (small nucleolar RNA host gene 1) are known to be aberrantly upregulated and promote tumor progression in various cancers. Nevertheless, very few studies have determined the roles of tissue and circulating miRNA-21 and SNHG1 in ESCC patients. Particularly, knowledge about the characteristics of miRNA-21 and SNHG1 expression and their correlations with survival rates, as well as their interaction with each other remains inadequate in ESCC.
Methods: Thse expression level of miRNA-21 and SNHG1 of tissues, serum and cell lines were detected by qRT-PCR, and the characteristics of their expression and clinicopathology were analyzed. Then, the diagnostic and prognosis value of serum and tissue miRNA-21 and SNHG1 were evaluated, respectively. In addition, the interaction with each other between miRNA-21 and SNHG1, as well as the effect on ESCC cell proliferation were further clarified.
Results: The expression level of miRNA-21 and SNHG1 are significantly upregulated in tissues, serum and cell lines of ESCC, and tissue miRNA-21 and SNHG1 significantly correlates with lymph node metastasis, TNM stage, tumor size, and poor overall survival in ESCC patients. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves show that areas under the ROC curve (AUC) for serum miRNA-21 and SNHG1 are 0.928 and 0.850, respectively. Pearson correlation coefficient indicated that the expression levels of miRNA-21 and SNHG1 in frozen cancerous tissues are significantly associated with their respective serum levels. Further, Cox univariate and multivariate analyses reveal that miRNA-21 and SNHG1 are independent prognostic factors for overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) in ESCC patients. In addition, our in vitro data revealed a novel regulatory pathway, in which miRNA-21 is probably a unidirectional upstream positive regulator of SNHG1 in ESCC cells, and the interaction between miRNA-21 and SNHG1 plays an important role in the proliferation of ESCC cells.
Discussion: In summary, our data show that SNHG1 may be a novel downstream target of miRNA-21 and not vice versa in ESCC cells and contributes significantly toward the proliferation of ESCC cells. These findings suggest that miRNA-21 and SNHG1 may serve as potential diagnostic, prognostic biomarkers and therapeutic targets for ESCC patients.
Keywords: MicroRNA-21, lncRNA SNHG1, esophageal squamous cell carcinoma, diagnosis, prognostic biomarker, cell proliferation
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