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Trends in medication use in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus: a long-term view of real-world treatment between 2000 and 2015

Authors Higgins V, Piercy J, Roughley A, Milligan G, Leith A, Siddall J, Benford M

Received 18 August 2016

Accepted for publication 9 September 2016

Published 1 November 2016 Volume 2016:9 Pages 371—380

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/DMSO.S120101

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Amy Norman

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Professor Ming-Hui Zou


Victoria Higgins, James Piercy, Adam Roughley, Gary Milligan, Andrea Leith, James Siddall, Mike Benford 

Adelphi Real World, Macclesfield, UK

Background: Despite the availability of a variety of treatments, many patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) are not achieving glucose control. We analyzed successive waves of the Adelphi Real World Diabetes Disease Specific Programmes (DSPs) to assess treatment patterns reported by primary care physicians (PCPs) and specialists and the effect of treatment on levels of glucose control.
Methods: Data were collected between 2000 and 2015 in the US and EU5 (France, Germany, Italy, Spain, and the UK). Physicians completed patient record forms for the next 10 patients consulting with T2DM. Key aspects captured were change over time in therapy usage, time to insulin introduction, and glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) levels.
Results: Over 12 DSP waves, 3,555 specialists and 5,109 PCPs completed questionnaires for 70,657 patients. Treatment patterns changed considerably over time as new agents were introduced. The number of agents prescribed per patient increased over time, as did HbA1c levels at which physicians stated they would introduce insulin. The greatest improvements in HbA1c levels occurred during 2000–2008, with little improvement since 2008.
Conclusion: In this real-world setting, the proportion of patients with T2DM achieving good glucose control has not increased greatly since 2008. A better understanding of how to individualize treatment pathways may be required to improve control in these patients.

Keywords: insulinization, real world, type 2 diabetes, treatment trends

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