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Treatment trends in patients with asthma–COPD overlap syndrome in a COPD cohort: findings from a real-world survey

Authors Ding B, Small M

Received 7 March 2017

Accepted for publication 11 May 2017

Published 15 June 2017 Volume 2017:12 Pages 1753—1763

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/COPD.S136314

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Charles Downs

Peer reviewer comments 4

Editor who approved publication: Dr Richard Russell

Bo Ding,1 Mark Small2

1AstraZeneca Gothenburg, Mölndal, Sweden; 2Adelphi Real World, Bollington, Macclesfield, UK


Background:
Asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) overlap syndrome (ACOS) is an increasingly recognized phenotype. Few randomized clinical trials have been conducted in patients with ACOS; therefore, scientific evidence concerning ACOS is scarce and a therapeutic approach remains unclear. The aim of this study was to evaluate current treatment trends for patients with ACOS, identified as those with a dual definition of asthma and COPD, in a real-world COPD cohort.
Methods: Data were analyzed from patients with asthma and COPD in the USA, France, Germany, Italy, Spain, and the UK who participated in the 2012 and 2013 Adelphi Respiratory Disease Specific Programmes (DSPs). Patients with ACOS were identified in the COPD population; these patients had a physician-confirmed, concomitant asthma diagnosis. Physicians completed a patient record form providing information on patient and disease characteristics including prescribed respiratory treatment. Pairwise comparisons were made between the ACOS, asthma, and COPD populations using χ2 tests.
Results: In total, 9,042 patients with asthma-only, 7,119 patients with COPD-only, and 523 patients with ACOS (a dual diagnosis of asthma and COPD) participated in the study. The most commonly prescribed regimens were inhaled corticosteroid/long-acting β2-agonist (ICS/LABA) + long-acting muscarinic antagonist (LAMA); (ACOS 30%, asthma 1.4%, and COPD 32%), ICS/LABA (19%, 41.5%, and 17%, respectively), and LAMA (6%, 0.4%, and 19%, respectively); 18% of patients with ACOS were not prescribed an ICS. Patients with ACOS had a significantly higher incidence of gastroesophageal reflux disease, diabetes, and obesity and experienced more exacerbations in the past year than those with COPD or asthma.
Conclusions: The majority of patients with ACOS, as defined in this research, were prescribed similar treatment to those with COPD. There is a need, however, for better treatment for patients with ACOS, as indicated by symptoms and exacerbation levels. A clearer therapeutic approach for patients with ACOS is required.

Keywords: asthma–COPD overlap syndrome, asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, ACO, pharmacotherapy

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