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Treatment of Severe Acute Bacterial Keratitis in Rabbits Using Continuous Topical Ocular Instillation with Norvancomycin

Authors Lin W, Zhao L, Tan Q, Lin D

Received 5 December 2020

Accepted for publication 23 January 2021

Published 16 February 2021 Volume 2021:15 Pages 617—628

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/DDDT.S295874

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Dr Tuo Deng


Wenxiang Lin,1,2 Libei Zhao,2 Qian Tan,1,2 Ding Lin1,2

1Department of Ophthalmology, Changsha Aier Eye Hospital, Aier School of Ophthalmology, Central South University, Changsha, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Ophthalmology, Changsha Aier Eye Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, People’s Republic of China

Correspondence: Ding Lin
Department of Ophthalmology, Changsha Aier Eye Hospital, Aier School of Ophthalmology, Central South University, Changsha, People’s Republic of China
Tel +86-13787255158
Email linding@csu.edu.cn

Purpose: Efficacy of norvancomycin (NVCM) through continuous topical ocular instillation drug delivery (CTOIDD) system for treating severe acute bacterial keratitis infection with Staphylococcus aureus was investigated.
Methods: Rabbits with bacterial keratitis were treated using CTOIDD with NVCM (n=13), topical NVCM eye drops (n=11), and CTOIDD with saline (n=8). Clinical signs of keratitis in all groups were assessed consecutively for a week. Bacterial quantification of excised corneas was counted on the fourth and eighth days. Histopathologic examinations were performed to assess inflammatory cell infiltration on the eighth day.
Results: All signs of bacterial keratitis were alleviated in CTOIDD with NVCM according to criteria, and the CTOIDD-NVCM group had significantly less inflammation than CTOIDD-saline (p< 0.05), and eye drop-NVCM (p< 0.05). Two eyes in the eye drop-NVCM group, four eyes in the CTOIDD-saline group had corneal perforation (CP), while none of the rabbits showed CP in the CTOIDD-NVCM group. Bacterial counts were significantly less in the CTOIDD with NVCM group in comparison to the eye drop-NVCM (p< 0.05), and CTOIDD-saline (p< 0.05) groups. Severe inflammation and marked inflammatory cell infiltration were found in histopathologic examinations in the CTOIDD-saline and eye drop-NVCM groups, while significantly less inflammation was documented in the CTOIDD-NVCM (p< 0.05) group.
Conclusion: CTOIDD with NVCM effectively reduced the severity and treated acute bacterial S. aureus keratitis infection in a rabbit model. The presented approach of CTOIDD with NVCM appears to be a promising therapeutic approach for severe acute bacterial keratitis.

Keywords: severe acute bacterial keratitis, continuous topical instillation, eye drop, norvancomycin, rabbit eyes

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