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Treatment of allergic rhinitis and urticaria: a review of the newest antihistamine drug bilastine

Authors Wang XY, Lim-Jurado M, Prepageran N, Tantilipikorn P, Wang DY

Received 27 January 2016

Accepted for publication 17 February 2016

Published 13 April 2016 Volume 2016:12 Pages 585—597

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/TCRM.S105189

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Colin Mak

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Professor Garry Walsh

Xue Yan Wang,1 Margaret Lim-Jurado,2 Narayanan Prepageran,3 Pongsakorn Tantilipikorn,4 De Yun Wang5

1Department of Allergy, Beijing Shijitan Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, People’s Republic of China; 2St Luke’s Medical Center, Quezon City, Manila, Philippines; 3Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head & Neck Surgery, University Malaya Faculty of Medicine, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia; 4Rhinology and Allergy Division, Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand; 5Department of Otolaryngology, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore

Abstract: Allergic rhinitis and urticaria are common allergic diseases that may have a major negative impact on patients’ quality of life. Bilastine, a novel new-generation antihistamine that is highly selective for the H1 histamine receptor, has a rapid onset and prolonged duration of action. This agent does not interact with the cytochrome P450 system and does not undergo significant metabolism in humans, suggesting that it has very low potential for drug–drug interactions, and does not require dose adjustment in renal impairment. As bilastine is not metabolized and is excreted largely unchanged, hepatic impairment is not expected to increase systemic exposure above the drug’s safety margin. Bilastine has demonstrated similar efficacy to cetirizine and desloratadine in patients with seasonal allergic rhinitis and, in a Vienna Chamber study, a potentially longer duration of action than fexofenadine in patients with asymptomatic seasonal allergic rhinitis. It has also shown significant efficacy (similar to that of cetirizine) and safety in the long-term treatment of perennial allergic rhinitis. Bilastine showed similar efficacy to levocetirizine in patients with chronic spontaneous urticaria and can be safely used at doses of up to fourfold higher than standard dosage (80 mg once daily). The fourfold higher than standard dose is specified as an acceptable second-line treatment option for urticaria in international guidelines. Bilastine is generally well tolerated, both at standard and at supratherapeutic doses, appears to have less sedative potential than other second-generation antihistamines, and has no cardiotoxicity. Based on its pharmacokinetic properties, efficacy, and tolerability profile, bilastine will be valuable in the management of allergic rhinitis and urticaria.

Keywords: bilastine, second-generation antihistamines, allergic rhinitis, urticaria
A Letter to the Editor has been received and published for this article.
A second Letter to the Editor has been received and published for this article. 

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