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Transcranial magnetic stimulation for the treatment of anxiety disorder

Authors Rodrigues PA, Zaninotto AL, Neville IS, Hayashi CY, Brunoni AR, Teixeira MJ, Paiva WS

Received 13 January 2019

Accepted for publication 26 April 2019

Published 23 September 2019 Volume 2019:15 Pages 2743—2761


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Roger Pinder

Priscila Aparecida Rodrigues,1 Ana Luiza Zaninotto,1,2 Iuri Santana Neville,1 Cintya Yukie Hayashi,1 André R Brunoni,3 Manoel Jacobsen Teixeira,1 Wellingson Silva Paiva1

1Department of Neurology, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil; 2Laboratory of Neuromodulation, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA; 3Institute of Psychiatry, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil

Correspondence: Priscila Aparecida Rodrigues
Caring - Clinic of Psychology and Neuropsychology, Avenue Vereador Narciso Yague, Guimarães, Number 1145 – Sala 1610, Mogi das Cruzes, São Paulo 08780-500, Brazil
Tel +55 1 199 654 2972
Email [email protected]

Abstract: Anxiety is currently one of the main mood changes and can impair the quality of life of the individual when associated with other neurological or psychiatric disorders. Neuromodulation has been highlighted as a form of treatment of several pathologies, including those involving anxiety symptoms. Among the neuromodulatory options with the potential to improve mood changes, we highlight repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS). rTMS is a viable therapeutical option for neuropsychiatric dysfunctions of high prevalence and is important for the understanding of pathological and neuropsychological adaptation processes. Even with this potential, and high relevance of intervention, we observe the scarcity of literature that covers this subject. The objective of this study was to carry out a survey of the current literature, using scientific databases for the last five years. We found 32 studies reporting the effects of rTMS on anxiety, 7 on anxiety disorders and 25 on anxiety symptoms as comorbidities of neurological or psychiatric disorders. This survey suggests the need for further studies using TMS for anxiety in order to seek strategies that minimize these anxiety effects on the quality of life of the victims of this disorder.

Keywords: transcranial magnetic stimulation, anxiety disorders, review, treatment

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