The rs4846049 polymorphism in the 3’UTR region of the MTHFR gene increases the migraine susceptibility in an Iranian population
Received 29 September 2017
Accepted for publication 29 November 2017
Published 5 January 2018 Volume 2018:11 Pages 145—149
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewer comments 3
Editor who approved publication: Dr E Alfonso Romero-Sandoval
Mohaddeseh Salehi,1,* Mona Amin-Beidokhti,2,* Behnam Safarpour Lima,3 Milad Gholami,2 Gholam-Reza Javadi,1 Reza Mirfakhraie2,4
1Department of Biology, Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, 2Department of Medical Genetics, 3Department of Neurology, School of Medicine, 4Genomic Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
*These authors contributed equally to this work
Introduction: Migraine is a painful complex neurovascular disease characterized by recurrent moderate-to-severe headaches. Increased level of homocysteine is related to dilation of cerebral vessels and endothelial injury that could trigger migraine attacks. Functional polymorphisms in the MTHFR gene affect homocysteine metabolism and, therefore, play an important role in the etiology of the disease.
Objectives: We aimed to investigate the possible association between MTHFR gene rs4846049, C677T, and A1298C polymorphisms and the risk of migraine in Iranian population.
Methods: In this genetic association study, 498 individuals were enrolled, including 223 migraine patients and 275 healthy controls. Genotyping was performed using tetra-primer ARMS-PCR for rs4846049 and PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism for C677T and A1298C polymorphisms.
Results: The association between rs4846049 and C677T polymorphisms and migraine was observed. For the rs4846049 polymorphism, the association was detected under a dominant model (P=0.007; odds ratio [OR] =0.60; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.41–0.87), and for the C677T polymorphism, the TT genotype frequency was significantly different in the studied groups (P=0.009; OR =2.48; 95% CI, 1.25–4.92). No significant differences in the genotype or allele frequencies were found for the A1298C polymorphism between the migraineurs and controls.
Conclusion: Present data provide evidence for the association of rs4846049 and C677T polymorphisms in the MTHFR gene and migraine. Further studies are required to validate the significance of the studied genetic variations in diverse ethnic populations.
Keywords: migraine, genetic association study, MTHFR, single nucleotide polymorphism
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