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The role of bevacizumab in targeted vascular endothelial growth factor therapy for epithelial ovarian cancer: an updated systematic review and meta-analysis

Authors Ruan GY, Ye LX, Liu GF, An J, Sehouli J, Sun PM

Received 30 October 2017

Accepted for publication 13 December 2017

Published 23 January 2018 Volume 2018:11 Pages 521—528

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/OTT.S155581

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Justinn Cochran

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Carlos E Vigil


Guanyu Ruan,1,* Lixiang Ye,2,* Guifen Liu,3 Jian An,3 Jalid Sehouli,4 Pengming Sun1,3

1Laboratory of Gynecologic Oncology, Fujian Provincial Maternity and Children’s Hospital, Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University, 2Fujian Center for Safety Evaluation of New Drugs, Fujian Medical University, 3Department of Gynecology, Fujian Provincial Maternity and Children’s Hospital, Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University, Fuzhou, People’s Republic of China; 4Department of Gynecologic Oncology and Gynecology, Charité Campus Virchow-Klinikum, European Competence Center for Ovarian Cancer, University of Berlin, Berlin, Germany

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Abstract: The impact of bevacizumab (an anti-vascular endothelial growth factor therapy) remains uncertain, which has been the focus of studies on the management of epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC). To investigate the efficacy of bevacizumab combinations with different regimens in the treatment of patients with EOC, a meta-analysis of Phase III randomized controlled trials was conducted. The databases searched included PubMed, Embase, ClinicalTrials.gov, Chinese Knowledge Infrastructure, as well as the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials. After evaluation of quality, a meta-analysis of valid extracted data was performed using Review Manager (RevMan) software. Five studies with 4,369 patients were included. Bevacizumab plus chemotherapy improved progression-free survival (hazard ratio [HR] =0.63; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.51–0.77; P<0.01) and overall survival (HR =0.91; 95% CI, 0.84–0.99; P<0.05). Interestingly, in patients with a high risk of progression, the subgroups that received bevacizumab combined with different regimens of chemotherapy showed a significant improvement with paclitaxel plus carboplatin-based chemotherapy (HR =0.86; 95% CI, 0.77–0.95; P<0.01), but not with non-paclitaxel plus carboplatin-based chemotherapy (HR =0.91; 95% CI, 0.77–1.07; P>0.05) in overall survival. The combination of bevacizumab and paclitaxel plus carboplatin-based regimens offers a new treatment option for women with EOC, especially in those with a high risk of progression.

Keywords: epithelial ovarian cancer, bevacizumab, overall survival, chemotherapy, meta-analysis, systematic review

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