The Relationship Between Couples’ Gender-Role Attitudes Congruence and Wives’ Family Interference with Work
Authors Hu Y, Li J, Ye M, Wang H
Received 10 October 2020
Accepted for publication 30 December 2020
Published 18 January 2021 Volume 2021:14 Pages 49—59
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single anonymous peer review
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Professor Mei-chun Cheung
Yunyang Hu,1 Jiamin Li,1 Maolin Ye,1 Hanlin Wang2
1School of Management, Jinan University, Guangzhou, People’s Republic of China; 2School of Education, Hebei Normal University, Shijiazhuang, People’s Republic of China
Correspondence: Maolin Ye
School of Management, Jinan University, Guangzhou 510631, People’s Republic of China
Tel + 86 13922285577
Background: Previous research on female employees’ family interference with work (FIW) has demonstrated that such conflict is affected by their or their spouses’ gender-role attitudes. However, few studies have considered the perspective of husbands-wives congruence, which is further meaningful of the research on FIW. The purpose of this paper is to examine the relationship between husband-wife congruence of gender-role attitudes and wife’s FIW.
Methods: Data were collected from 148 husband-wife dyads from eight companies in China. The average age of the husbands was 31.86 years (SD = 8.75) and that of the wives was 28.39 (SD = 6.38). The hypotheses were tested by the combination of polynomial regression and response surface methodology.
Results: Four results were drawn. First, wives’ role overload is lower when husbands and wives are aligned in terms of gender-role attitudes than when they are not aligned (a4 = 0.53, p < 0.01). Second, on the condition of husband-wife congruence, role overload is positively correlated with their gender-role attitudes (a1 = 0.59, p < 0.001). Third, on the condition of incongruence, wives’ role overload is stronger when husbands’ traditional gender-role attitudes are higher than wives’, compared to when wives’ traditional gender-role attitudes are higher than husbands’ (a3 = 0.23, p < 0.05). Fourth, role overload mediates the relationship between husband-wife congruence of gender-role attitudes and wives’ FIW (indirect effect = 0.15; 95% CI [0.05, 0.27]).
Conclusion: Guided by the role theory, the current study suggests that the husband-wife incongruence of gender-role attitudes augments wives’ role overload and further leads to FIW.
Keywords: husband-wife congruence, gender-role attitudes, role overload, FIW, polynomial regression
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