The Relationship Among Organizational Identity, Psychological Resilience and Work Engagement of the First-Line Nurses in the Prevention and Control of COVID-19 Based on Structural Equation Model
Received 21 March 2020
Accepted for publication 30 September 2020
Published 2 November 2020 Volume 2020:13 Pages 2379—2386
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single anonymous peer review
Peer reviewer comments 4
Editor who approved publication: Dr Kent Rondeau
Hui Lyu,1 Ming Yao,2 Danying Zhang,3 Xueying Liu4
1Pain Department & Urology Department, Affiliated Hospital of Jiaxing University, Jiaxing, Zhejiang, People’s Republic of China; 2Dean Office, Affiliated Hospital of Jiaxing University, Jiaxing, Zhejiang, People’s Republic of China; 3Cardiology Department, Affiliated Hospital of Jiaxing University, Jiaxing, Zhejiang, People’s Republic of China; 4Department of Nursing, Affiliated Hospital of Jiaxing University, Jiaxing, Zhejiang, People’s Republic of China
Correspondence: Xueying Liu Tel +86 13456280706
Email [email protected]
Purpose: To explore how the organizational identity and psychological resilience affect work engagement of the front-line nurses in the prevention and control of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and to establish the relationship model based on these factors.
Material and Methods: Convenience sampling was applied to collect questionnaire samples from 216 nurses (from 12 cities in 6 provinces). General information questionnaires, organizational identity scale (OIQ), psychological resilience scale (CD-RISC), and Utrecht Work Engagement Scale (UWES) were used as tools for data collection.
Results: Both organizational identification and psychological resilience had a positive impact on work engagement (r=0.457∼ 0.669). The structural equation model indicated that psychological resilience had a significant partial mediating effect on the relationship between organizational identity and work engagement; the mediating effect value was 0.25, the overall effect value of work engagement was 0.73, and the mediating effect accounted for 34.2%.
Conclusion: Our results revealed that organizational identity could directly affect nursing. It can also indirectly affect nurses’ work engagement through the intermediary role of psychological resilience. In face of the COVID-19 epidemic, hospitals and nursing managers could improve the level of nurses’ job involvement by improving organizational identity, which in turn may have a positive effect on psychological resilience.
Keywords: coronavirus disease, COVID-19, pneumonia, nurses, organizational identity, psychological resilience, work engagement
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