The predictive role of pretreatment epidermal growth factor receptor T790M mutation on the progression-free survival of tyrosine-kinase inhibitor-treated non-small cell lung cancer patients: a meta-analysis
Ding Ding, Yongfeng Yu, Ziming Li, Xiaomin Niu, Shun Lu
Department of Shanghai Lung Cancer Center, Shanghai Chest Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai, People's Republic of China
Purpose: Subclones bearing the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) T790M mutation concomitant with deletional mutation in exon 19 (Del19) or a point mutation in exon 21 (L858R) have been reported in non-small cell lung cancer patients before any EGFR tyrosine-kinase inhibitor (TKI) treatment. The effect of pretreatment T790M mutation on the survival of patients with both mutations treated with EGFR TKI is still being debated.
Methods: A meta-analysis was undertaken to pool eligible trials to better elucidate whether pretreatment T790M mutation predicts a poorer outcome of EGFR TKI treatment. Hazard ratios and their 95% confidence intervals for progression-free survival (PFS) were extracted and used under the random-effects model.
Results: A total of 246 patients with activating EGFR mutation such as Del19 or L858R participated in four selected trials from 350 articles. The overall incidence of patients with pretreatment T790M mutation was 43.10% (106/246), ranging from 34.88% to 80.00% in the individual trials. The combined hazard ratio for PFS in all four eligible studies was 2.602 (95% confidence interval 1.011–6.695; P=0.047), indicating a shorter PFS in patients who had the T790M mutation before receiving EGFR TKI treatment. Heterogeneity testing indicated significant heterogeneity but the absence of publication bias.
Conclusion: The meta-analysis reported here found that pretreatment T790M mutation had a negative impact on the PFS of non-small cell lung cancer patients with a Del19 or L858R EGFR mutation who received EGFR TKI treatment.
Keywords: EGFR, primary resistance, TKI, Del19, L858R, prediction