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The interplay of post-translational modification and gene therapy

Authors Osamor V, Chinedu S, Azuh D, Iweala E, Ogunlana O

Received 7 January 2015

Accepted for publication 27 March 2015

Published 29 February 2016 Volume 2016:10 Pages 861—871


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Professor Shu-Feng Zhou

Video abstract presented by Victor Chukwudi Osamor.

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Victor Chukwudi Osamor,1–3 Shalom N Chinedu,3,4 Dominic E Azuh,3,5 Emeka Joshua Iweala,3,4 Olubanke Olujoke Ogunlana3,4

1Covenant University Bioinformatics Research (CUBRe) Unit, Department of Computer and Information Sciences, College of Science and Technology (CST), Covenant University, Ota, Ogun State, Nigeria; 2Institute of Informatics (Computational biology and Bioinformatics), Faculty of Mathematics, Informatics and Mechanics, University of Warsaw (Uniwersytet Warszawski), Warszawa, Poland; 3Covenant University Public Health and Well-being Research Group (CUPHWERG), Covenant University, 4Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Unit, Department of Biological Sciences, College of Science and Technology, Covenant University, Canaan Land, 5Department of Economics and Development Studies, Covenant University, Ota, Ogun State, Nigeria

Abstract: Several proteins interact either to activate or repress the expression of other genes during transcription. Based on the impact of these activities, the proteins can be classified into readers, modifier writers, and modifier erasers depending on whether histone marks are read, added, or removed, respectively, from a specific amino acid. Transcription is controlled by dynamic epigenetic marks with serious health implications in certain complex diseases, whose understanding may be useful in gene therapy. This work highlights traditional and current advances in post-translational modifications with relevance to gene therapy delivery. We report that enhanced understanding of epigenetic machinery provides clues to functional implication of certain genes/gene products and may facilitate transition toward revision of our clinical treatment procedure with effective fortification of gene therapy delivery.

Keywords: post-translational modification, gene therapy, epigenetics, histone, methylation

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