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The incidence and predictors of symptomatic venous thromboembolism associated with peripherally inserted central catheters in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma

Authors Liang YJ, He Y, Li JM, Chen LM, Chen LP, Wang C, Ji L, Li ZX, Tang LQ, Chen QY, Fan YY, Hu W

Received 6 February 2018

Accepted for publication 11 April 2018

Published 25 May 2018 Volume 2018:11 Pages 3119—3127


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Yao Dai

Yu-Jing Liang,1,2,* Yan He,1,* Jian-Mei Li,1,* Lin-Min Chen,1 Li-Ping Chen,1 Cong Wang,1 Lu Ji,1 Zhen-Xiu Li,1 Lin-Quan Tang,1,2 Qiu-Yan Chen,1,2 Yu-Ying Fan,1 Wen Hu1

1Department of Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma, Sun Yat-Sen University Cancer Center, Guangzhou, China; 2State Key Laboratory of Oncology in South China, Collaborative Innovation Center for Cancer Medicine, Sun Yat-Sen University Cancer Center, Guangzhou, China

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Background: Despite wide usage, peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC)-related venous thromboembolism (VTE) is common in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) patients.
Patients and methods: This was a retrospective cohort study of NPC patients with PICC insertions from February 2, 2007 to December 25, 2014 in Sun Yat-Sen University Cancer Centre. Univariable and multivariable logistic regression analyses were used to estimate odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for the correlations between risk factors and symptomatic PICC-VTE.
Results: Of the 1,363 NPC patients, 76 developed symptomatic VTE. In univariable analysis, body mass index (BMI), Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) score, metastasis stage (M stage), and VTE history were associated with symptomatic PICC-VTE. Following multivariable adjustments, BMI (OR 0.900, p=0.007), ECOG score (OR 4.162, p=0.011), M stage (OR 2.717, p=0.019), and VTE history (OR 109.772, p<0.001) were still statistically significant.
Conclusion: PICC-VTE is a common complication in NPC patients, with an incidence of 5.6% in our analysis. Those with VTE history and lower BMI and worse ECOG performance score metastatic NPC patients are more susceptible to symptomatic PICC-related thrombosis and thus may require prophylactic anticoagulation.

Keywords: symptomatic venous thromboembolism, peripherally inserted central catheters, nasopharyngeal carcinoma

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