The impact on health status in short- and long-terms of a novel and non-orthodox real-world COPD rehabilitation effort in rural India: an appraisal
Received 22 December 2017
Accepted for publication 26 April 2018
Published 15 October 2018 Volume 2018:13 Pages 3313—3319
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Dr Richard Russell
Parthasarathi Bhattacharyya,1 Rupak Ghosh,1 Dipanjan Saha,1 Bodhisattwa Chakraborty,1 Pallav Bhattacharyya,1 Madan Sarma,1 Saibal Mazumdar,2 Kajal Chatterjee,2 Avijit Chowdhury3
1Department of Pulmonology, Institute of Pulmocare and Research, Kolkata, India; 2Department of General Medicine, Liver Foundation, Kolkata, India; 3Gastroenterology Department, Liver Foundation, Kolkata, India
Background: Rehabilitation has been an integral part of management of COPD. Since the implementation of the standard rehabilitation protocol is hardly possible in the rural developing world, aiming to make a feasible alternate effort may be worthwhile.
Methods: COPD patients diagnosed through spirometry were first stabilized with 6 weeks of uniform pharmacotherapy. Subsequently, they were subjected to a curriculum-based intensive single-session intervention with education, bronchial hygiene, and exercise training. The latter involved whole body exercise, pursed lip breathing, and diaphragmatic exercise. The participants continued to practice the exercises under real-world encouragement and supervision from trained volunteers. The impact was appraised in terms of change in health status through COPD assessment test (CAT) score measurements at stabilization, and after 6 weeks and 1 year of the intensive training and education.
Results: At stabilization, 70 out of 96 selected COPD subjects (73%) turned up (with mean age 62±9 years and mean FEV1 as 1.16±0.39 L) showing improvement as per CAT score (p=0.0001) from pharmacotherapy. After practicing the imparted education and training for 6 weeks, all these 70 participants had further significant improvement in the health status (n=70, p=0.00001). This improvement, been reinforced and supervised, continued to last even at 1 year (n=54, p=0.0001).
Conclusion: The self-managed practice of a single-session education and training under real-world supervision can bring forth significant long-term improvement in the health status of COPD sufferers. Such simple and feasible intervention may substitute formal COPD rehabilitation programs in resource constraint situations.
Keywords: rural COPD, extensive training, single point intensive education and training, quality of life, respiratory function tests
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