The impact of patient education and shared decision making on hospital readmissions for COPD
Received 18 October 2017
Accepted for publication 29 January 2018
Published 24 April 2018 Volume 2018:13 Pages 1325—1332
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewers approved by Dr Charles Downs
Peer reviewer comments 3
Editor who approved publication: Dr Richard Russell
Ashley W Collinsworth,1,2 Rachel M Brown,1 Cameron S James,3 Richard H Stanford,3 Daniel Alemayehu,1 Elisa L Priest1
1Center for Clinical Effectiveness, Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas, TX, USA; 2Robbins Institute for Health Policy & Leadership, Baylor University, Waco, TX, USA; 3GlaxoSmithKline, Research Triangle Park, NC, USA
Purpose: Education on the self-management of COPD has been shown to improve patients’ quality of life and reduce hospital admissions. This study aimed to assess the feasibility of a pilot, pragmatic COPD Chronic Care (CCC) education program led by registered respiratory therapists and determine the CCC’s impact on hospital readmissions, patient activation, and health status.
Patients and methods: This was a prospective, randomized, pilot study of inpatients with COPD admitted to a US community hospital between August 2014 and February 2016. In total, 308 patients were randomized 1:1 to receive standard care with or without the CCC program. Outcomes included the number of patients completing the program, frequency and time to first all-cause and COPD-related hospital readmissions, and changes in the Patient Activation Measure (PAM) and COPD Assessment Test (CAT).
Results: Overall, 37% (n=52) of patients in the CCC group and 29% (n=48) of patients in the control group remained in the study for 6 months and completed all follow-up phone calls. In total, 74% (n=105) of patients in the CCC group and 69% (n=115) of patients in the control group had at least one readmission (P=0.316). The time to first all-cause and COPD-related readmission appeared shorter for patients in the CCC group compared with the control group (mean [standard deviation]: 50.2 [54.5] vs 59.9 [63.1] days and 95.1 [80.2] vs 113.7 [82.4] days, respectively; both P=0.231). Patients experienced significant improvement from baseline in mean PAM (both groups) and CAT (CCC group) scores.
Conclusion: Utilizing respiratory therapists to lead a chronic care education program for COPD in a community hospital was feasible. Although CCC patients showed improvements in perceived symptom severity, they were readmitted sooner than control group patients. However, the program did not impact the frequency of hospital readmissions. A more comprehensive disease management program may be needed to improve outcomes.
Keywords: COPD, patient education, shared decision making, hospital readmission, chronic disease management
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