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The efficacy and safety of nivolumab in previously treated advanced non-small-cell lung cancer: a meta-analysis of prospective clinical trials

Authors Huang J, Zhang Y, Sheng J, Zhang H, Fang W, Zhan J, Zhou T, Chen Y, Liu L, Zhang L

Received 18 June 2016

Accepted for publication 12 August 2016

Published 23 September 2016 Volume 2016:9 Pages 5867—5874

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/OTT.S115262

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Amy Norman

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr William Cho


Jiaxing Huang,1,2,* Yaxiong Zhang,1,2,* Jin Sheng,1,2,* Hongyu Zhang,3 Wenfeng Fang,1,2 Jianhua Zhan,1,2 Ting Zhou,1,2 Ying Chen,1,2 Lin Liu,1,2 Li Zhang1,2

1Department of Medical Oncology, Sun Yat-Sen University Cancer Center, 2State Key Laboratory of Oncology in South China, 3Department of Medical Oncology, the Fifth Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University, Zhuhai, Guangdong, People’s Republic of China

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Background:
Nivolumab (BMS-936558/ONO-4538) was the first monoclonal antibody targeting programmed death (PD)-1. So far, a number of clinical trials on nivolumab have showed satisfactory efficacy in treating non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Herein, we present a meta-analysis evaluating the efficacy and safety of nivolumab for previously treated advanced NSCLC patients.
Methods: Electronic databases were searched for eligible literature. Data of objective response rate (ORR), disease control rate, overall survival, progression-free survival, and adverse effects (AEs) were extracted and pooled. Outcomes analyzed and presented in this study were according to the original data from nivolumab 3 mg/kg.
Results: In general, nine trials with 817 patients were included in this meta-analysis. The pooled ORR, disease control rate, 1-year overall survival rate, and 1-year progression-free survival rate were 20% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 17%–23%), 36% (95% CI: 22%–51%), 47% (95% CI: 40%–53%), 21% (95% CI: 18%–24%), respectively. In addition, the rate of grade 3–4 AEs was only 8% (95% CI: 6%–12%). Subgroup analysis showed no significant difference in terms of ORR between squamous and non-squamous NSCLC (odds ratio 1.23, 95% CI: 0.63–2.39, P=0.51). However, significantly greater ORR was presented in programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) positive cohort (ORR 31%, 95% CI: 24%–38%), compared to PD-L1 negative cohort (ORR 12%, 95% CI: 9%–17%). The odds ratio for objective response to nivolumab in PD-L1 positive cases relative to negative cases was 3.08 (95% CI: 1.87–5.08, P<0.0001).
Conclusion: In conclusion, nivolumab is a promising second-line agent for previously treated advanced NSCLC with manageable AEs. Both squamous and non-squamous NSCLC patients showed similar efficacy. In addition, patients with positive PD-L1 expression had better response from nivolumab.
Microabstract: We present a meta-analysis evaluating the efficacy and safety of nivolumab for previously treated advanced NSCLC patients. In our study, nivolumab is a promising second-line agent for previously treated advanced NSCLC with manageable AEs. Both squamous and non-squamous NSCLC patients showed similar efficacy. In addition, patients with positive PD-L1 expression had better response from nivolumab.

Keywords: nivolumab, PD-1, non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), meta-analysis
 

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