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The effect of pelvic tilt and cam on hip range of motion in young elite skiers and nonathletes

Authors Swärd Aminoff A, Agnvall C, Todd C, Jónasson P, Sansone M, Thoreson O, Swärd L, Karlsson J, Baranto A

Received 16 January 2018

Accepted for publication 19 March 2018

Published 6 August 2018 Volume 2018:9 Pages 147—156

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/OAJSM.S162675

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Andrew Yee

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Prof. Dr. Andreas Imhoff


Anna Swärd Aminoff,1 Cecilia Agnvall,2,3 Carl Todd,1 Páll Jónasson,4 Mikael Sansone,1 Olof Thoreson,1 Leif Swärd,1 Jon Karlsson,1 Adad Baranto1

1Department of Orthopaedics, Institute of Clinical Sciences at Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, and Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden; 2Sports Medicine Åre, Åre, Sweden; 3Åre Ski Academy, Åre, Sweden; 4Orkuhúsið Orthopedic Clinic, Reykjavik, Iceland

Background: Current knowledge of the effect of changes in posture and the way cam morphology of the hip joint may affect hip range of motion (ROM) is limited.
Purpose: To determine the effect of changes in pelvic tilt (PT) on hip ROM and with/without the presence of cam.
Study design: This was a cross-sectional study.
Materials and methods: The hip ROM of 87 subjects (n=61 young elite skiers, n=26 nonathletes) was examined using a goniometer, in three different seated postures (flexed, neutral, and extended). The hips of the subjects were further subgrouped into cam and no-cam morphology, based on the magnetic resonance imaging findings in the hips.
Results: There was a significant correlation between the hip ROM and the seated posture in both extended and flexed postures compared with the neutral posture. There was a significant decrease in internal hip rotation when the subjects sat with an extended posture with maximum anterior PT (p<0.0001). There was a significant increase in internal hip rotation when the subjects sat with a flexed posture with maximum posterior PT (p<0.001). External rotation was significantly decreased in an extended posture with maximum anterior PT (p<0.0001), but there was no difference in flexed posture with maximum posterior PT. The hips with cam morphology had reduced internal hip rotation in all three positions, but they responded to the changes in position in a similar manner to hips without cam morphology.
Conclusion: Dynamic changes in PT significantly influence hip ROM in young people, independent of cam or no-cam morphology.

Keywords: hip, cross-sectional studies, rotation, hip joint, range of motion (articular), pelvis, posture, magnetic resonance imaging

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