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The effect of endometrial thickness on pregnancy outcome in patients with Asherman’s syndrome post-hysteroscopic adhesiolysis

Authors Baradwan S, Shafi D, Baradwan A, Bashir MS, Al-Jaroudi D

Received 9 September 2017

Accepted for publication 14 December 2017

Published 12 February 2018 Volume 2018:10 Pages 77—82

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/IJWH.S151283

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Colin Mak

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Professor Elie Al-Chaer


Saeed Baradwan,1 Dina Shafi,1 Amira Baradwan,2 Muhammad Salman Bashir,3 Dania Al-Jaroudi1,4

1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Women’s Specialized Hospital, King Fahad Medical City, Riyadh, 2Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, 3Research Center, King Fahad Medical City, Riyadh, 4Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Reproductive Infertility and Medicine Department, King Fahad Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Background: Hysteroscopic adhesiolysis anatomically restores the uterine cavity in cases of Asherman’s syndrome (AS); however, the extent of endometrial fibrosis could determine the pregnancy outcome.
Objectives: To determine whether endometrial thickness could influence pregnancy outcome of hysteroscopic adhesiolysis in women with a history of AS.
Subjects and methods: This was a retrospective cohort study that included 41 women who attended Women’s Specialized Hospital, King Fahad Medical City from December 2008 to December 2015, presented with a history of infertility or recurrent pregnancy loss, and were diagnosed with intrauterine adhesions and treated by hysteroscopic adhesiolysis. To analyze the causative factors of AS, history of curettage, miscarriage, postpartum hemorrhage, hysteroscopy, endometritis, and any uterine surgery were recorded. Patients were followed up for 2 years to account for pregnancy. Patients were divided into two groups based on measurement of endometrial thickness in the midsagittal plane at mid-cycle of a menstrual period. Group A consisted of 26 patients with endometrial thickness ≤5 mm, and group B included 15 patients with endometrial thickness >5 mm. The main outcome measures included endometrial thickness and pregnancy outcome.
Results: Group A had significantly (P<0.001) lower pregnancy rates compared with group B (38.4% versus 80%, respectively). Five of 10 pregnancies (50%) from group A miscarried, compared with 1 of 12 (8.3%) pregnancies in group B. This was statistically significant (P<0.001).
Conclusion: Pregnancy rates were observed to be higher when the endometrium was >5 mm in thickness among patients with AS and miscarriage rates may be reduced in this group.

Keywords: intrauterine adhesion, operative hysteroscopy, Asherman’s syndrome, endometrial thickness

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