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The comparative effectiveness of initiating fluticasone/salmeterol combination therapy via pMDI versus DPI in reducing exacerbations and treatment escalation in COPD: a UK database study

Authors Jones R, Martin J, Thomas V, Skinner D, Marshall J, Stagno d'Alcontres M, Price D

Received 9 May 2017

Accepted for publication 5 July 2017

Published 17 August 2017 Volume 2017:12 Pages 2445—2454

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/COPD.S141409

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Charles Downs

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Dr Richard Russell

Rupert Jones,1 Jessica Martin,2 Vicky Thomas,3 Derek Skinner,4 Jonathan Marshall,5 Martina Stagno d’Alcontres,2 David Price2,6

1Clinical Trials and Health Research, Institute of Translational and Stratified Medicine, Plymouth University Peninsula School of Medicine and Dentistry, Plymouth, UK; 2Observational and Pragmatic Research Institute, Singapore; 3Cambridge Research Support, Cambridge, UK; 4Optimum Patient Care, Cambridge, UK; 5Mundipharma International Limited, Cambridge, UK; 6Centre for Academic Primary Care, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, UK

Abstract: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), a complex progressive disease, is currently the third leading cause of death worldwide. One recommended treatment option is fixed-dose combination therapy of an inhaled corticosteroid (ICS)/long-acting β-agonist. Clinical trials suggest pressurized metered-dose inhalers (pMDIs) and dry powder inhalers (DPIs) show similar efficacy and safety profiles in COPD. Real-world observational studies have shown that combination therapy has significantly greater odds of achieving asthma control when delivered via pMDIs. Our aim was to compare effectiveness, in terms of moderate/severe COPD exacerbations and long-acting muscarinic antagonist (LAMA) prescriptions, for COPD patients initiating fluticasone propionate (FP)/salmeterol xinafoate (SAL) via pMDI versus DPI at two doses of FP (500 and 1,000 µg/d) using a real-life, historical matched cohort study. COPD patients with ≥2 years continuous practice data, ≥2 prescriptions for FP/SAL via pMDI/DPI, and no prescription for ICS were selected from the Optimum Patient Care Research Database. Patients were matched 1:1. Rate of moderate/severe COPD exacerbations and odds of LAMA prescription were analyzed using conditional Poisson and logistic regression, respectively. Of 472 patients on 500 µg/d, we observed fewer moderate/severe exacerbations in patients using pMDI (99 [42%]) versus DPI (115 [49%]) (adjusted rate ratio: 0.71; 95% confidence interval: 0.54, 0.93), an important result since the pMDI is not licensed for COPD in the UK, USA, or China. At 1,000 µg/d, we observed lower LAMA prescription for pMDI (adjusted odds ratio: 0.71; 95% confidence interval: 0.55, 0.91), but no difference in exacerbation rates, potentially due to higher dose of ICS overcoming low lung delivery from the DPI.

Keywords: COPD, inhaler type, exacerbations, pneumonia, diabetes, dose-response, inhaled steroid/LABA combination
 

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